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Coronavirus | Home ministry to announce new guidelines on May 4 with considerable relaxations

These guidelines, according to the government, "shall give considerable relaxations to many districts."

April 29, 2020 / 09:27 PM IST

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The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said the government will be issuing new guidelines to fight the novel coronavirus pandemic and that the same will come into effect from May 4, a day after the second phase of national lockdown ends.

These guidelines, according to the government, "shall give considerable relaxations to many districts."

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"Details regarding this shall be communicated in the days to come," MHA said. This could possibly mean that the government is looking at easing some of the restrictions.

COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Earlier in the day, the government had announced plans to allow the movement of stranded migrant workers and students to reach their homes, including by crossing state borders.

In its evening update, the Union Health Ministry said the COVID-19 death toll has risen to 1,008, with a record jump of 71 in the last 24 hours, while the number of confirmed infections has climbed to 31,787 in the country with more than 1,800 cases getting detected since April 28 evening. Close to 7,800 people have recovered too.

Follow our full coverage of the coronavirus pandemic here

(This is a developing story. Please check back for updates)

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first published: Apr 29, 2020 09:00 pm