The Ministry of Home Affairs on April 29 issued an order allowing movement of migrant workers, tourists, students, pilgrims and others stranded following the nationwide lockdown.
The Centre has directed states and union territories to facilitate the interstate movement of people stranded across the country following the implementation of the lockdown orders.
The Centre has directed states and UTs to designate nodal authorities and outline standard protocols for the movement of such people.
For the inter-state movement of those who were stranded, the sending and receiving states may consult each other and mutually agree to the movement by road. However, all people would be screened for COVID-19 before they are allowed to proceed, the order noted.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Sanitised buses will be used for moving people, and social distancing norms are required to be followed in seating all passengers.
Once the people arrive at their respective destinations, the local health authorities would assess them and accordingly suggest home quarantine or place them under institutional quarantine, as per the Health Ministry's guidelines.