The government of the United Kingdom on September 23 unveiled multi-billion-pound measures to support households and businesses hit by decades-high inflation, COVID-19 pandemic and other geopolitical factors.
Kwarteng began his speech by revising the UK government’s plans to deal with volatile energy markets, especially with reference to high inflation and geopolitical tensions arising due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Meanwhile, UK government bonds fell sharply after the government slashed taxes. The 10-year gilt yield soared 0.19 percentage points to 3.69 percent, bringing its rise for the week to half a percentage point.
Here are some of the major announcements from Kwarteng's mini-Budget speech:
Higher income-tax slab scrapped:
In one of the landmark decisions, Kwarteng announced that he has scrapped Truss's predecessor Boris Johnson's plan to hike taxes on salaries. In his speech, the FM said that the UK government will scrap the 45 percent top rate of income tax, replacing it with a 40 percent rate, in the biggest surprise of the mini-Budget.
Kwarteng added that he would also cut the basic rate of income tax by one percent in the pound to 19 percent in April 2023.
The news came after the Bank of England warned that Britain was slipping into recession, as rocketing fuel and food prices take their toll.
Stamp duty tax on property purchases cut:
The chancellor stated that stamp duty, a tax on house purchases, will be cut to help families buy homes, with a threshold at which it is first paid doubling to 250,000 pounds ($280,000) for home movers.
The nil-band threshold for first-time buyers will also increase to 425,000 pounds from 300,000 pounds, he said, adding that the changes are permanent and effective immediately.
Stamp duty, payable in England and Northern Ireland, is a graduated tax, which rises in steps to 12 percent on the portion of the property price above 1.5 million pounds.
VAT-free shopping for overseas visitors, tax incentives for investment zones
The finance minister announced that Britain will introduce sales tax-free shopping for overseas visitors to boost the retail sector. Moreover, he added that there will be tax incentives for businesses in newly announced investment zones and liberalise planning rules for specified agreed sites.
Energy rescue scheme
Kwarteng said Britain will spend about 60 billion pounds ($67 billion) on subsidising gas and electricity bills for the next six months starting October for households and businesses
As per reports, Kwarteng said the government would take “difficult decisions” to try to achieve 2.5 percent annual growth of the economy through tax incentives and deregulation. “That is how we will compete successfully with dynamic economies around the world,” he said.
However, UK energy companies including BP and Shell will not benefit from the cap, as they enjoy soaring profits after the invasion of Ukraine by major oil and gas producer Russia.
Corporation tax increase scrapped
Britain has imposed a 19 percent corporation tax rate - the lowest among the G7 club of rich nations. This was planned to rise to 25 percent in the next fiscal, but that has now been scrapped.
Cap on bankers’ bonuses removed
Caps on bankers' bonuses will be scrapped to boost London's post-Brexit competitiveness against financial capitals like New York and Hong Kong. Kwarteng said the government will set out a more ambitious set of financial services reforms later in the year.
“We are going to get rid of it . . . to reaffirm the UK’s status as the world’s financial services centre I will set out an ambitious package of regulatory reforms,” he told the House of Commons, as per agencies.
Payroll tax rise reversed
The government had also announced that it was scrapping a 1.25 percentage point increase in payroll tax - or national insurance - that took effect earlier this year. It will be reversed from November 6.
Earlier, Britain's main opposition Labour party had demanded that the government extends a windfall tax on energy companies that former finance minister Rishi Sunak launched earlier this year. But Truss ruled out such a move, arguing that additional taxes will hinder economic recovery and efforts by energy groups to transition into greener companies.
Growth is at the heart of the new government's policy, with Kwarteng on Wednesday outlining plans to shake up the welfare system. He had described the policy as a "win-win", pitching it as a way to fill 1.2 million UK job vacancies.(With inputs from agencies)