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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: 11 lakh people received jab on May 14, over 18 crore shots administered in India so far

The Centre has revised the gap between the two doses of Covishield COVID-19 vaccine to 12-16 weeks.

May 15, 2021 / 08:59 AM IST
Karnataka will soon have a Covaxin-manufacturing plant of Bharat Biotech in Kolar district near Bengaluru, Karnataka Deputy Chief Minister Dr CN Ashwath Narayan said

Karnataka will soon have a Covaxin-manufacturing plant of Bharat Biotech in Kolar district near Bengaluru, Karnataka Deputy Chief Minister Dr CN Ashwath Narayan said

More than 11.03 lakh COVID-19 vaccine doses were administered in India on May 14, according to the Union Health Ministry's latest provisional report.

With that, over 18.04 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses have been administered across the country so far. On May 14, 6.29 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 4.74 lakh people were given their second dose.

The government has revised the gap between the two doses for the Oxford-AstraZeneca's Covishield, being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India, to 12-16 weeks. However, the interval for the second dose of Bharat Biotech's Covaxin remains unchanged.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs. The country began the second phase of the vaccination drive from March 1 in which everyone above 60 years of age and those over 45 years with comorbidities could start getting the vaccine.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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From April 1, vaccination was opened for everyone above the age of 45 with or without comorbidities.

India rolled out the third phase of its COVID-19 vaccination drive for those in the 18-44 age group on May 1. The central government has liberalised the vaccination drive to allow states, private hospitals and industrial establishments to procure the doses directly from manufacturers.

Registration on CoWIN platform for the third phase began on April 28 and is mandatory for the 18-44 age group.

Here are key developments related to the COVID-19 vaccination process:

> Delhi has administered over 43.67 lakh doses of coronavirus vaccine, out of which 10 lakh people have received both the doses, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) MLA Atishi said on May 14.

> Karnataka will soon have a Covaxin-manufacturing plant of Bharat Biotech in Kolar district near Bengaluru, Karnataka Deputy Chief Minister Dr CN Ashwath Narayan said. The construction work has already begun and the government has invited investors to make the vaccine in the state, CN Ashwath Narayan said.

> Dr Reddy's Laboratories launched COVID-19 vaccine Sputnik V in India and the imported vaccine is priced at Rs 995.4 per dose. The first dose of Sputnik V, also the first foreign-made vaccine used in the country, was administered in Hyderabad as part of a limited pilot project. The first consignment of imported doses of Sputnik V landed in India on May 1, and received regulatory clearance from the Central Drugs Laboratory, Kasauli, on May 13, according to Dr Reddy's Laboratories.

> A total of 1.91 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccines -- Covishield and Covaxin -- will be supplied to states/UTs free of cost from May 16 to May 31, the union health ministry said. The delivery schedule for the allocation will be shared in advance. States and UTs have been requested to direct the officials concerned to ensure rational and judicious utilisation of allocated doses and minimise vaccine wastage, it said.

> West Bengal Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar defended the Centre's COVID-19 vaccine distribution mechanism saying it is being done "very rationally" and alleged that the Trinamool Congress government is not doing what is required to fight the pandemic in the state. The TMC dispensation has accused the BJP-led government at the Centre of discrimination over distribution of vaccines, claiming that some states are being given preference at the cost of others.

> Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal held discussions with US Trade Representative Katherine Tai on increasing vaccine availability in an equitable manner to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.

> Actor Salman Khan received the second dose of the novel coronavirus vaccine. The 55-year-old actor, who got the first jab of the vaccine in March, was spotted at a centre in Dadar.

Here's the vaccination count for some states:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh 74,28,976
Arunachal Pradesh2,93,227
Assam32,83,170
Bihar 85,49,713
Chandigarh 2,73,544
Chhattisgarh60,22,232
Delhi43,72,741
Goa 4,23,744
Gujarat1,47,99,737
Haryana47,60,544
Himachal Pradesh21,53,635
Jharkhand34,43,220
Karnataka1,10,65,841
Kerala82,26,138
Madhya Pradesh 89,64,972
Maharashtra1,94,69,673
Odisha65,42,754
Punjab41,25,085
Rajasthan1,48,52,400
Tamil Nadu68,73,590
Telangana54,47,541
Uttar Pradesh 1,45,68,875
Uttarakhand 25,72,547
West Bengal 1,25,01,020

(With inputs from PTI)

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Moneycontrol News
first published: May 15, 2021 08:59 am

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