Moneycontrol PRO

GST at 5: The making of a tax system – a timeline of key milestones

The Goods and Services Tax regime is set to complete five years on June 30. But the indirect tax framework has been in the works since the turn of the millennium.

June 27, 2022 / 03:42 PM IST
Representative image

Representative image

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) was introduced on July 1, 2017 after many years of political and legal negotiations. But all the outstanding issues were not put to bed by the implementation of the GST, and several tweaks have been made since then. The GST Council is set to meet for the 47th time on June 28-29 ahead of the fifth anniversary of the indirect tax regime.

But how did India arrive at this juncture? Perhaps the best way to know that is to take a walk through the years.

 

logo-GST-at-5-1

 

Close

July 17, 2000: The Centre sets up an Empowered Committee of state finance ministers to monitor the implementation of uniform floor rates of sales tax by states and union territories, to monitor the phasing out of the sales-tax based incentive schemes, to decide milestones and methods for states to switch over to a value added tax (VAT), and to monitor reforms in the Central Sales Tax system

February 28, 2006: Finance minister P Chidambaram announces that GST would be introduced on April 1, 2010

November 10, 2009: Empowered Committee of state finance ministers submits first discussion paper on GST in India

February 26, 2010: Finance minister Pranab Mukherjee delays introduction of GST by one year to April 2011

March 22, 2011: The Constitution (115th Amendment) Bill to provide for the introduction of GST introduced in the Lok Sabha

March 29, 2011: The Constitution (115th Amendment) Bill referred to the Standing Committee on Finance by the Lok Sabha

March 28, 2013: GST Network incorporated as a Section 25 private limited company

August 7, 2013: Standing Committee on Finance submits report on The Constitution (115th Amendment) Bill

May 18, 2014: The Constitution (115th Amendment) Bill lapses after the 15th Lok Sabha is dissolved

December 19, 2014: The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill to provide for the introduction of GST introduced in the Lok Sabha

May 6, 2015: The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill passed by the Lok Sabha

May 14, 2015: The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill referred to a Select Committee by the Rajya Sabha

Jul 22, 2015: Select committee submits report on The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill

December 4, 2015: A committee led by Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian submits its report on possible GST rates

August 3, 2016: The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill passed by the Rajya Sabha with amendments

August 8, 2016: The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill passed by the Lok Sabha

August 9, 2016: The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill notified as Constitution (101st Amendment) Act

August 12, 2016: Assam becomes first state to ratify The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill

September 1, 2016: Odisha becomes 16th state to ratify The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill

September 8, 2016: President Pranab Mukherjee gives assent to The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill

September 12, 2016: Union Cabinet approves setting up of GST Council

September 22, 2016: GST Council holds first meeting in New Delhi

March 27, 2017: The Central Goods and Services Tax Bill, Integrated Goods and Services Tax Bill, Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Bill, Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Bill introduced in the Lok Sabha

March 29, 2017: GST-related bills passed by the Lok Sabha

April 6, 2017: GST-related bills passed by the Rajya Sabha

April 12, 2017: GST laws notified

May 18, 2017: GST Council announces tax rates and cess on goods and services

July 1, 2017: GST rolled out

June 28, 2022: GST Council begins 47th meeting in Chandigarh

June 30, 2022: Five-year compensation period for states ends
Siddharth Upasani is a Special Correspondent at Moneycontrol. He has been covering the Indian economy, economic data, and monetary and fiscal policies for nine years. Contact: siddharth.upasani@nw18.com
first published: Jun 27, 2022 03:42 pm
Sections
ISO 27001 - BSI Assurance Mark