Leaking toxic gas from the now-defunct factory on the intervening night of December 2-3, 1984, choked thousands of people to death and left several thousand others with severe health complications
Thousands of survivors of the Bhopal gas tragedy -- known as the world's worst industrial disaster -- continue to face appalling lack of healthcare facilities, activists said on December 2. The statement came on the eve of the incident's 35th anniversary.
The activists said the "neglect" of the Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre (BMHRC), set up especially for the survivors, was a testimony to the suffering undergone by them over the last 35 years.
Leaking toxic gas from the now-defunct Union Carbide factory in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh on the intervening night of December 2-3, 1984, choked thousands of people to death and left several thousand others with severe health complications.
Nawab Khan, president of the Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Purush Sangharsh Morcha, alleged that "For the last several years, Nephrology and Surgical Oncology departments of BMHRC are shut. Moreover, there are no specialists in Neurology, Pulmonary Medicine, Surgical Gastroenterology and Gastro Medicine departments."
"The neglect of the gas tragedy survivors is evident from the way the Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre (BMHRC) is run by the Central government's department of health research. No research has been done at this facility for the past seven year," Khan said.
Khan said of the 16 new research projects listed by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Bhopal centre, only three are related to the gas tragedy.
"The Madhya Pradesh government's Department of Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation runs six big hospitals with over 4,000 patients visiting them every day. Five of these hospitals have not had a psychiatrist for the last 19 years,” he said.
"One hospital had a psychiatrist as part-time consultant, working 12 hours a week till he left last month," Rachna Dhingra of the Bhopal Group for Information and Action claimed.
Citing a report by Professor Srinivasa Murthy, an international expert on post-disaster mental health care, Dhingra said he had detected 30 per cent of the exposed population to be mentally ill in 1985.
"When Prof Murthy visited Bhopal after 25 years, he found that 80 per cent had not recovered from their mental illnesses. He found survivors in Latur, Chernobyl, Iraq and other places in the world recovering within two to three years of the mass disaster," Dhingra claimed.
Recalling noted activist Abdul Jabbar's recent death, Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Stationery Karmchari Sangh president Rasheeda Bi said, "The long, painful sickness and death of Abdul Jabbar, leader ofasurvivors' organisation, exemplifies what almost every patient visiting the state and Central government run hospitals goes through."
"Till today, there is no evidence that the governments at the state and the Centre have learnt any lessons from Jabbarbhai's suffering and untimely death," she said.
Referring to issues of economic rehabilitation of the survivors, Children Against Dow Carbide's Nousheen Khan said, "Documents we got through RTI show that of the Rs 104 crore allocated by the Centre for economic rehabilitation of victims, Rs 18 crore has been lost to corruption. The rest Rs 86 crores remains unutilised in nine years."
She said this was when thousands of survivors faced penury due to lack of gainful employment, including 473 women who have not got their monthly pensions since last year with the government citing lack of funds.(With inputs from PTI)Get access to India's fastest growing financial subscriptions service Moneycontrol Pro for as little as Rs 599 for first year. Use the code "GETPRO". Moneycontrol Pro offers you all the information you need for wealth creation including actionable investment ideas, independent research and insights & analysis For more information, check out the Moneycontrol website or mobile app.