The Supreme Court of India is the apex supreme judicial body, which has the power of judicial review. It consists of a maximum of 34 judges and the Chief Justice of India is the head and chief judge of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court settles disputes between various government authorities as well as the central government vs state governments. Also, being the advisory court, the apex court hears matters which may specifically be referred to it under the constitution by the President of India. On January 28, 1950, the Supreme Court replaced both the Federal Court of India and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, which were then at the apex of the Indian court system. The Supreme Court moved to its present premises in 1958 and the first Chief Justice of India was H J Kania. It was constituted as per Chapter IV of the Part V of Constitution of India. Former President Dr Rajendra Prasad laid the foundation stone of the Supreme Court's building on October 29, 1954. Designed in an Indo-British style by the chief architect Ganesh Bhikaji Deolalikar, the Supreme Court has a 27.6 metre high dome and a spacious colonnaded verandah. Apart from this, two new wings – the East Wing and the West Wing – were added to the complex in 1979. Also, a black bronze sculpture of 210 cm height was installed in the lawn of the complex in 1980, portraying Mother India in the form of the figure of a lady. This sculpture is just behind the statue of Mahatma Gandhi. According to Article 124 of the Constitution, a citizen of India not exceeding 65 years of age can be a judge if he or she has served as a judge of one high court or more for over 5 years or been an advocate for at least 10 years. Since February 5, 2018, the Supreme Court has decided to follow a new roster system for allocation of matters to judges. The current incumbent Chief Justice of India is NV Ramana who took office on April 24, 2021. More
A bench of Chief Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice PS Narasimha said it will hear a batch of petitions on the Maharashtra political crisis on January 13 as it will not be possible for the five-judge Constitution bench to sit next week, which will be for miscellaneous matters.
A five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court was hearing a batch of 58 petitions that challenged the Union Government’s decision to demonetise Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 currency notes six years ago.
The Delhi government, represented by senior advocate A M Singhvi, opposed the Centre's plea before a bench comprising Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud and Justice P S Narasimha, saying, "this will only create delay and such tactics cannot be allowed."
Around 60 percent of construction and demolition waste cleared; delay on account of the GRAP (Graded Response Action Plan) ban on construction, claims the company tasked with the removal of debris. The Supreme Court deadline was November 28.
The Amrapali matter was listed before the bench on December 2 for fixing the next date of hearing. The case will now be taken up on December 8.
A bench of Justices MR Shah and CT Ravikumar said, "Nowadays, it has become a fashion to comment upon earlier decisions (of the collegium) made when they (former judges) were part of the collegium. We don't want to say anything on their comments".
Additional Solicitor General Aishwarya Bhati submitted that since 2016 there has been no reservation in super speciality courses.
The Union Law Minister forgets that it was his own government which nixed a plan to make the process of appointment of judges more transparent
This is the third occasion in the history of the apex court that an all-women bench has been constituted.
The Supreme Court will resume hearing a petition seeking a ban on the testing and planting of GM mustard. A government panel had approved the commercial cultivation of GM mustard
"Once the Collegium reiterates a name, the Centre has to approve it," SC noted, adding, "If today Centre refuses to obey the law, tomorrow some other section of population can also refuse to comply with certain laws," as per CNN News 18 report.
The Supreme Court talked about Chief Election Commissioners having had shorter tenures since 1996. The fact is India has had 25 CJIs and 15 CECs in the 26 years since 1996.
Addressing a gathering at the Constitution Day celebrations at the Supreme Court, Venkataramani said there is a need to have a litigation policy for the government so that every matter does not become a matter of litigation.
"The discussions in the court are in different contexts and a 10 second clip is put out without referring to what preceded or what succeeded. So we are looking into it," the bench said.
A bench headed by Chief Justice D Y Chandrachud, who was also part of the Constitution bench which in 2018 decriminalised consensual gay sex, issued notice to the Centre besides seeking the assistance of Attorney General for India R Venkataramani in dealing with the pleas.
As the apex court observed that the file pertaining to Goel's appointment was cleared with "lightning speed", the Centre through Attorney General R Venkataramani asked the court to "hold its mouth" and requested it to look into the matter in its entirety.
At the outset of the hearing, the CJI, who was sharing the bench with Justices Hima Kohli and J B Pardiwala, said the portal will start functioning in 15 minutes.
A bench comprising Chief Justice D Y Chandrachud and Justices Hima Kohli and J B Pardiwala took note of the submissions of Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, appearing for the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (MMRCL) that there was a need to fell 84 trees.
T N Seshan was a former cabinet secretary to the Union government and was appointed as the election commissioner (EC) on December 12, 1990 with a tenure till December 11, 1996. He completed his six-year tenure and died on November 10, 2019.
The development comes after the Eknath Shinde government in Maharashtra appointed ministers Chandrakant Patil and Shambhuraj Desai to coordinate with a legal team regarding the court case on the issue.
A bench comprising Chief Justice D Y Chandrachud and Justice Hima Kohli said that as a division bench headed by the Gujarat High Court Chief Justice has already taken a suo motu note of the incident and has passed several orders, it will not hear the petitions as of now.
The MPFRA forbids conversions by misrepresentation, allurement, use of threat of force, undue influence, coercion, marriage or by any other fraudulent means.
At the start of the proceedings, the bench said the decision has been taken at a meeting of all apex court judges.
The Centre said the order granting remission to the convicts, who had assassinated the former prime minister, was passed without affording it adequate opportunity for hearing despite it being a necessary party to the case.