The government on June 29 released guidelines for second phase of Unlock in which certain economic and social activities have been permitted.
The new guidelines will come into effect from July 1, the Union Home Ministry said. The new guidelines are based on feedback received from States and Union Territories, and extensive consultations held with related Central Ministries and Departments.
The operations of domestic flights and passenger trains will be further expanded in a calibrated manner, the Centre said.
Night curfew timings have also been relaxed from 10:00 pm to 5:00 am.
Meanwhile, schools, colleges and coaching institutions will continue to remain closed till July 31.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
The government's guidelines come on a day when Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu extended lockdowns in their respective states to July 31.
The government had, on May 30, extended lockdown in the country but with significant relaxations. The government had called this phase of re-opening Unlock 1.0, and religious places, hotels, restaurants, hospitality services and malls were allowed to reopen from June 8.Here's a list of all the activities permitted: