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Gold hallmarking: How India fares

In June last year, the government of India announced the phased implementation of mandatory hallmarking of gold jewellery. Here’s all you need to know:

April 29, 2022 / 04:55 PM IST

For ages, Indians have had a penchant for ornaments and jewellery. Be it any occasion, gold ornaments and jewellery pieces are considered a token of respect, love, and memory. However, with this charm also comes the concern for the purity of gold. Since gold is a very light metal and can bend easily, the jewellers add other metals to support its weight. However, a dishonest jeweller can take advantage of this scenario and add other metals in more quantity and less quantity of gold. To keep a check on such malpractices, the hallmarking system was introduced. In June last year, the government of India announced the phased implementation of mandatory hallmarking of gold jewellery. Here’s all you need to know:

What is hallmarking

The government regulated, Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS), has defined gold hallmarking as the “accurate determination and official recording of the proportionate content of precious metal in precious metal articles.” In other words, it is a guarantee of the purity of gold offered by the government. This safeguards the consumer’s interest, raising their trust in gold investment. In India, most of the jewellery sold is under the purity standard of 22 carats. Hallmarking on gold is engraved through laser after assaying and approving its purity.

A registered jeweller submits the gold items for hallmarking to a BIS recognized Assaying and Hallmarking Centre (AHC) for testing. The BIS then issues a hallmark certificate if the item meets the required standards. At present, hallmarking is allowed on gold jewellery having purity of 14 carats, 18 carats, 20 carats, 22 carats, 23 carats and 24 carats.