Naidu said the genesis of conflict among nations has roots in the idea of hate and violence originating from an individual's mind-space.
Address the fourth Asia Pacific Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation that began here on Monday, he said, "The new urban infrastructure should be low-carbon, green and climate resilient."
Addressing the third convocation ceremony of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences & Technology, the vice president called for medical universities to introduce teachings in human values as part of the curriculum to inculcate moral, social and ethical values in students.
The remarks come in the wake of industrialist Vijay Mallya's possible extradition to India from the United Kingdom
"GST is the biggest transformation of the world, I can tell you. Because it is going to bring a sea-change. There were problems intially. (In) any reforms for that matter, there will be initial problems... temporary pains for long term gains, that is the experience," Naidu said.
Rajya Sabha hasn't transacted much business in the winter session of Parliament as proceedings on most days have been adjourned because of disruptions, particularly by AIADMK members who are protesting against a proposed dam on Cauvery river.
Noting that India has since ancient times a very systematic, scientific and rational approach to treatment of diseases, he said the country it has now become the third largest drug manufacturer in the world.
Speaking at a conference on soft power organised by India Foundation, Naidu said that India has always been one of the foremost cultural forces in the world.
"They should first think how they will mobilise the required resources to fulfill the promises. This applies to the national parties as well as the regional parties," he said.
Referring to criminal and election-related cases against peoples representatives, he said tribunals and special courts should be set up to deal with and dispose of all such cases within a year.
Referring to the issue of liquidity crunch, Naidu said the problem was because few "black sheep" who have taken the system for ride, affecting the entire industry.
Making a strong pitch for things "Swadeshi", Naidu said even in the era of an interconnected world and liberal foreign direct investment, we have to support local enterprises as recommended by Mahatma Gandhi.
Delivering the Laxmanrao Inamdar Memorial Lecture here, Naidu also called for suitable changes in the laws governing the cooperative sector in view of changed techno-economic and business scenarios to make the cooperative institutions "viable and vibrant".
"The countries I visited agree with us on the need to democratise the UN in an effective manner and on the importance of the role of India in the independent nations," he said.
Naidu, who is in Botswana on an official visit, said the southern African country is also following India's efforts to curb black money.
"Agriculture is at crossroads and the sector is unviable as people are leaving farming. Boosting agriculture sector is one of the top priorities," Naidu said.
Addressing members of industry body Assocham, Naidu said that the chambers have the responsibility to promote ethical governance.
Naidu, who often speaks about the need to preserve regional languages, said that one's mother tongue is like the eyes whereas other languages are like spectacles.
Naidu, who is visiting the southeastern European country on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of India-Romania diplomatic relations, said that bilateral trade between India and Romania stands at $810 million.
Naidu is the first senior Indian leader to visit the Mediterranean nation in last 28 years.
The event was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, former prime ministers Manmohan Singh and H D Deve Gowda, Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Rajya Sabha Deputy Leader of Opposition Anand Sharma.
Venkaiah Naidu, who is also the Rajya Sabha Chairman, called for deciding upon a national policy on the need for the Upper House in state legislatures
Naidu said the focus should be more on rural healthcare and strengthening of medical infrastructure in the country.
Opposition parties have accused Venkaiah Naidu of favouring the ruling BJP party in the Rayja Sabha
The Rajya Sabha earlier had simultaneous interpretation services for 17 languages.