The FM will present the budget at a time when global central banks are expected to tighten policy, crude oil price is surging and COVID cases continue to increase. With seven states going into elections this year and five of them gearing up for polls post budget, concerns around this budget turning into a populist one are heightening.
Here is a table of the last 14 years of the Sensex and Nifty's reactions to the budget.
"Despite the polls' pressure, we expect the FY23 budget to stick to the reform agenda. Budget-making is always a challenging exercise, but the demand for continued support for growth especially during the current pandemic makes this task even more daunting. All in, as growth recovery continues in FY23, we see fiscal deficit as percentage of GDP moderating to 5.8%. While there are headwinds to direct tax revenue collection, we are quite hopeful for a big turnaround on the divestment front. At the same time, pressures of elevated revenue expenditure, particularly subsidy, are expected to moderate as we go into FY23. Capex spend will remain a key focus area in our view," BofA Securities said in a note to investors.
Since BofA doesn't see any slippage in FY22 as far as fiscal deficit is concerned, it does not anticipate any additional government borrowing atop the announced net Rs 12.05 lakh crore (including T-bills and buybacks).
For FY23, analysts expect 61% of the fiscal deficit to be funded via market dated G-sec, Rs 9.1 lakh crore and another Rs 45,000 crore through T-bills. Atop this net borrowing, there is Rs3.76 lakh crore worth of maturities in FY23. Analysts see total gross borrowing of Rs 13 lakh crore in FY23.