Denmark said Monday it will increase its planned offshore wind capacity in the Baltic Sea to 3 gigawatts and hook it up to the German grid, a step toward weaning Europe off its reliance on Russian gas. When established in 2030, it should be able to supply electricity to up to 4.5 million European homes.
A 470-kilometer (292-mile) subsea cable will run via the Danish Baltic Sea island of Bornholm to northern Germany, enabling the power to be sent directly to the German electricity grid and on to the rest of Europe.
At present, Denmark and Germany have respective offshore wind energy capacities of 1.5 gigawatts and 1 gigawatt.
German Economy and Climate Minister Robert Habeck called it "a flagship project" and added that "with such projects among European partners, we achieve two key goals at the same time: European energy security and climate neutrality." The deal was announced in Copenhagen.
Denmark's energy minister, Dan Jørgensen, added that "international cooperation is more urgent than ever before” to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to make Europe independent of Russian gas and oil."
On Friday, Germany's foreign minister said that estimates show the Baltic Sea can produce "more than twice the installed capacity of all German coal-fired power stations." The countries around the Baltic Sea "need to set the sails, work together and set course towards making our region more sustainable, more resilient and more secure," Annalena Baerbock said.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has said Germany remains committed to ending its greenhouse gas emissions by 2045, the earliest of any major industrialized nation. To meet the goal, his government has said it will close coal-fired power plants that were reactivated due to the war in Ukraine, and imports of Russian oil and coal this year and aim to stop using Russian gas within the next two years.
Monday's announcement comes a day before a scheduled meeting on Bornholm to discuss ways "to make the Baltic Sea region free of Russian energy and at the same time pave the way for a significant green transition," according to the Danish government.