Weather is the climate at a certain place and time. India is one of those countries which sees four types of seasons -- summer, monsoon, post-monsoon, and winter. Each season is different due to its nature and occurs at different times covering the whole year. The reason behind the diversification of these seasons depends on various factors such as latitude, longitude, and topography, among others. The average time of each season varies from two to three months. In India, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) is the principal government agency responsible for meteorological observations, communications, weather forecasting and seismology. Headquartered in Delhi, the IMD was established in 1875 as an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India. Since then, it has progressively expanded its infrastructure for providing its services. The IMD is headed by the Director General of Meteorology, currently Dr Mrutyunjay Mohapatra. There are four Additional Directors General at New Delhi and one at Pune. There are 20 Deputy Directors General of whom 10 are at New Delhi. For the convenience of administrative and technical control, there are six Regional Meteorological Centres, each under a Deputy Director General with headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Nagpur and Guwahati. More
Conditions are favourable for further advance of monsoon into some more parts of Rajasthan, entire Punjab and Haryana during next 24 hours.
As the monsoon storms bear down on India, a dedicated group of women hope that, after years of backbreaking labour, water shortages will no longer leave their village high and dry. The world's second-most populous country is struggling to meet the water needs of its 1.4 billion people -- a problem worsening as climate change makes weather patterns more unpredictable.
The rainfall brought respite from the scorching heat as the temperature dropped to 29.2 Celsius. India Meteorological Department forecasted that weather conditions on June 30 are favourable for advance monsoon in several parts of India.
Delhi received rainfall in parts of south Delhi area like East of Kailash, Burari in northwest among others places, Shahdara, Patparganj in east Delhi and ITO crossing and India Gate in central Delhi
The southwest monsoon usually arrives in the national capital on June 27. Senior IMD Scientist R K Jenamani said there is a prediction of good rainfall in the city on June 30 and the arrival of the monsoon can be declared on Thursday or Friday.
Although summer has only just begun, temperatures have already topped 50 degrees Celsius (122 Fahrenheit) in parts of the desert region, which is bearing the brunt of climate change. Summer means suffering for anyone working outside, along with risks of dehydration, heat stroke and heart failure, and Gulf countries have banned working outside in the hottest hours of the day.
Early and strong monsoon rains have brought heavy flooding to north eastern India and Bangladesh, killing dozens of people, forcing hundreds of thousands from their homes and cutting millions off from crucial supplies.
The Delhi Traffic Police stated Tuesday that vehicle movement on numerous highways in the capital has been restricted due to rains and in anticipation of protests by Congress workers against the Enforcement Directorate interviewing senior party leader Rahul Gandhi.
The devastating floods, caused by incessant rainfall, has affected 5,424 villages, from where 2,31,819 people have taken shelter in 810 relief camps.
The orange-colour coded warning for heavy rains on June 20-21 was issued for the coastal districts of Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg, the IMD said.
The monsoon's progress will help farmers accelerate sowing of summer-sown crops, which has been lagging due to below-normal rainfall in the first half of June, especially in central India.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has predicted generally cloudy skies for the day with light to moderate rain and thundershowers accompanied with gusty winds of around 30-40 kmph. The maximum temperature in the city is likely to hover around 32 degrees Celsius.
In the neighbouring Indian state of Assam, at least 17 people were killed during the wave of flooding that began this month, police officials said on Sunday.
Summertime pollutants include wind-blown dust, fossil and dirty fuels, vehicular emission, industrial activities, construction dust, ground-level ozone and biomass burning.
More rain is likely in Delhi as well as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana over the next two days because of western disturbances and lower level easterlies, the India Meteorological Department said.
With the southwest monsoon's advance over the Arabian sea, parts of Western India such as Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha, Madhya Maharashtra, Konkan and Goa, Saurashtra and Kutch are likely to witness light to moderate rain in the next 24 hours.
In 2012, the city recorded a maximum temperature of 42 degrees Celsius or above on 30 days. The number of such days was 35 in 2010, the highest in the 1951-2022 period, the data showed.
The rainfall during the current monsoon season is likely to be 103 percent of the long-period average, which would then mark the fourth consecutive year of India experiencing a normal monsoon season, according to the India Meteorological Department's second long-range forecast.
Since the 1980s, annual average temperatures of the oceans’ surfaces have been diverging from the 20th century average more and more. While the annual divergence fluctuates, the trend is definitely upward.
Senior IMD scientist R K Jenamani said the monsoon covered south and central Arabian Sea, entire Kerala, parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu between May 31 and June 7.
It said moisture-laden easterly winds will bring a significant relief in the region from June 16 onwards.
Banda and Fatehgarh in Uttar Pradesh were the hottest places in the country as they recorded the highest maximum temperatures of 46.8 degrees Celsius and 46.4 degrees Celsius respectively.
The weatherman forecast isolated heavy rainfall with thunderstorm, lightning and gusty winds in Gangetic West Bengal over the next few days. The MeT Department forecast intense spell of rainfall over sub-Himalayan West Bengal, Sikkim and the northeastern states over next the four days.
An east-west trough is running from Haryana to Bangladesh at lower tropospheric levels. Under its influence, parts of Punjab, Haryana, west Uttar Pradesh, east Rajasthan and Uttarakhand may witness scattered light rainfall, the Met office said.
The change in weather brought much-needed respite to the residents who suffered under a sultry morning, and days of scorching heat.