Government welfare schemes can help India achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of reducing poverty, improving access to drinking water, sanitation and housing by 2030, said the Economic Survey 2021 released on January 29.
Seventeen SDGs, including elimination of poverty and hunger, universal access to drinkable water, sanitation, and healthcare, among others, were adopted by the United Nations in September 2015. The member nations were directed to attempt achieving them by 2030.
While India has succeeded in addressing the "bare necessities" or basic needs of a large section of the population over the past several years, a gap exists between urban and rural, and among different income groups, the survey noted.
This gap, according to the survey, could be addressed through the welfare schemes such as Jal Jeevan Mission, which focuses on supply of potable drinking water; Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) - the campaign to improve sanitation facilities and build toilets; and Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (PMAY) - the affordable housing programme for the poor.