The Indian army on June 16 said that 20 of its soldiers were killed in clashes with Chinese troops along the border it shares with that country. The deaths were the culmination — rather, escalation — of a weeks-long standoff between the two countries in the western Himalayas.
India and China have long been energetic trade partners but share a turbulent history in strategic affairs since the brief but bloody war fought in 1962. An uneasy truce prevailed and the distrust seeded by that conflict has often flared up into skirmishes at intervals ever since. The two countries have tried several times since the early 1990s to settle their border dispute without success.
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Now would be a good time to educate ourselves on the tempestuous history between the two countries. Moneycontrol reached out to Praveen Swami, Group Consulting Editor, Network 18. Praveen is the author of India, Pakistan and the Secret Jihad: the Covert War in Jammu and Kashmir, 1947-2002, (London: Routledge) and The Kargil War (New Delhi: LeftWord). Praveen has been a Jennings Randolph senior fellow at the United States Institute of Peace in Washington, D.C., and lectures frequently at police and intelligence training institutions across India. Here are the books — one is an account — Moneycontrol readers must read right now to understand the turbulent history between India and China.
1. India’s official history of the war of 1962 | Written by PB Athale and SN Sinha, this account is still classified for reasons not known but was posted online for free to download by the scholar Manoj Joshi many years ago. This is truly a must-read account to understand how India ended up at war with China.
2. War in High Himalaya: The Indian Army in Crisis, 1962 | This book is vital reading for understanding the Indian military role in 1962. Written by DK Palit, War in High Himalaya: The Indian Army in Crisis, 1962 is a brilliant and piercing look at how the China-India conflict fits into India’s bigger strategic ambitions and aims.
3. War and Peace in Modern India | To understand the war in the broader context of Indian state-building, it will be a good idea to turn to Srinath Raghavan’s War and Peace in India. The book “draws on a rich vein of untapped documents to illuminate Jawaharlal Nehru's approach to war and his efforts for peace”, according to GoodReads.com. Ragahavan gives individual attention to every conflict and shows how strategic decisions for each crisis came to be defined in the light of the preceding ones, according to the book recommendation website.
4. The CIA’s Secret War in Tibet | It is a colourful look at India’s role in Tibet, and how the CIA tried to initiate an insurgency there. Written by Kenneth Conboy and James Morrison’s The CIA’s Secret War in Tibet, the book transports readers from the American secret service agency’s training camps in the Colorado Rockies to the Himalayas, chronicling the agency's clandestine help in securing the Dalai Lama's safe passage to India.
5. The Great Game: On Secret Service in High Asia | Finally, a must-read book on how colonial spies and adventurers locked horns on the roof of the world, creating the border conflicts inherited by independent China and India. Peter Hopkirk’s The Great Game: On Secret Service in High Asia is a vivid account of The Great Game —a phrase immortalised by Rudyard Kipling—that played out within 20 miles of India.Read our complete coverage on the India-China border tension