In the next couple of days, the market participants world over will be focused on the FOMC statement on US Fed rates, inflation & growth outlook and guidance for the monetary policy direction in the near term (next 3-6 months). The “active” market participants in India, in particular, would be staying awake till late midnight on Wednesday to hear what the US Fed Chairman Jerome Powell has to say.
Thursday happens to be the monthly derivative settlement for July contracts. This makes the Fed decision and the likely reaction in our market on Thursday morning even more pertinent for the derivative traders in India.
Besides the derivative traders, the currency traders, bond traders and corporate treasury managers who need to actively manage their Fx (forex) exposure, would also be staying awake to see how the US Dollar, euro and US Treasuries behaves post the FOMC statement and try to assess how Indian bonds and Indian rupee may react in the near term.
Our markets may, however, be relieved to a great deal if the RBI makes an unscheduled rate decision on Wednesday morning itself, just like it did on May 4, 2022, preempting the pressure on Indian bonds and INR post FOMC decision. For the record, in his recent statement, the RBI governor has already spoken about the inevitability of further rate hikes. It would be better if it is done tomorrow rather than a week later (04 August 2022) when the MPC of RBI is scheduled to make a statement on monetary policy.
The European Central Bank (ECB), for example, hiked 50bps last week – their first hike in 11 years- to preempt further slide in the Euro. ECB hiked despite signs of accelerated slowdown in growth and rising fiscal pressures on peripheral Europe.
Since the FOMC decision would be known in less than two days, I do not find any need to speculate on the likely outcome and the market reaction to that outcome. Nonetheless, it would be appropriate to say that the market is pregnant with the hope of a unambiguous ‘pause’ signal from the Fed and consequent weakness in USD and a rather dovish MPC. The chances of disappointment are therefore marginally higher than the chances of positive surprise, in my view.
What should be the strategy of an investor under these circumstances?
In my view, the first thing an investor should do is to have a good dinner on Wednesday, go to bed early and not watch the markets, including business newspapers & TV channels and investing handles on social media, on Thursday.
Second, investors should focus on performance of the companies in their respective portfolio, rather than bothering too much about the general impact of global macro developments. They should assess the ability of the companies in their portfolio to manage the impact of rate and currency volatility on their respective businesses. The history indicates that better managed companies in India have managed this volatility very well without letting it materially impact their performance beyond a couple of quarters in the worst case.Third, if the change in global rate and currency outlook materially alters the investment argument for a company in their portfolio, they should place a “sell” order for it today itself.