The Maharashtra state government on Wednesday announced new Unlock 5 guidelines for the people to follow amid the rise in COVID-19 cases. In the guidelines, the state government has stated that cinema halls and schools will remain closed in Maharashtra. The new guidelines have been issued in the state as part of 'Mission Begin Again', aiming to ease the flow of activities.
According to the guidelines issued by the state government metro rails will has been kept on the prohibited list of activities. However, all the hotels, food courts, restaurants and bars have been allowed to operate from October 5 onwards. The state government has clearly mentioned that these eatery place can not operate with more than 50 percent of their capacities.
Under the Unlock 5.0 rules, the state government clearly mentioned that all educational institutions including schools, colleges, educational institutes and coaching centres will remain closed till October 31, 2020. Also, cinema theatres, wimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres and assembly halls will continue to remain closed for the month.
Among other things, whose operations have been barred, including metro rail, international flights (except Vande Bharat), all social, political, sports and other functions and large congregations.
Apart from that, Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray-led government relaxed the norms for all industrial and manufacturing units of non-essential services to operate. The state government stated that Indian Railways is likely to increase the frequency of local trains in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region to meet increased demand.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.