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Morgan Stanley warns of global recession in 2020, says RBI could slash rates by 40-65 bps in Q2

The global investment bank expects combined monetary and fiscal easing to help revive the global economy from 3QCY20, but a contraction in YoY growth in 1HCY20 still looks inevitable.

March 17, 2020 / 08:12 PM IST

Factoring the worst, Morgan Stanley in a note on March 17, warned investors that the seismic waves of COVID-19 are likely to trigger a global recession.

"Global recession in 2020 is now our base case scenario," Morgan Stanley Chief Economist Chetan Ahya said in a note on March 17. “We expect 2020 global growth to dip to 0.9 percent, the lowest since the global financial crisis when global growth bottomed at -0.5 percent in 2009. This time will be worse than the global recession of 2001,” the note added.

Under the base case scenario for India, Morgan Stanley estimates India’s growth rate at around 4.5 percent till Q4CY20, and in bear case, it could be near 4 percent.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the global investment bank expects, could slash policy rates by a cumulative 40-65 basis points in the second quarter of the calendar.

While the policy response will provide downside protection, the underlying damage from both COVID-19’s impact and tighter financial conditions will deliver a material shock to the global economy.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

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Global Growth Morgan Stanley

The global investment bank is of the view that with COVID-19 spreading in Europe and the US after hitting Asia, the disruptions and dislocations in the economy and markets will trigger a YoY contraction in global growth in H1CY20. But, the strong monetary and fiscal policy response underway will help to revive global growth from Q3CY20.

With looming recession risks, the G4 plus China will expand its primary fiscal deficit by 200 bps in 2020.

In China, Morgan Stanley expects the PBOC to cut its medium-term lending facility (MLF) rate by another 40bp in the coming months. In Brazil, the global investment bank expects the BCB to cut rates by 50 bps at its March meeting and another 25 bps by Q220.

The note added that the global recession will seriously damage corporate profitability globally and impair balance sheets, triggering corporate credit risks and further damaging the cycle.

Disclaimer: The views and investment tips expressed by investment experts on Moneycontrol.com are their own and not that of the website or its management. Moneycontrol.com advises users to check with certified experts before taking any investment decisions.
Moneycontrol News
first published: Mar 17, 2020 08:05 pm

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