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Does NIMBYism exist in Indian real estate?

NIMBY is not a term we often hear in India, though it is quite a popular word (and a dynamic concept) in the West. That said, NIMBY - an acronym for 'Not In My Back Yard - is definitely an unspoken mind-set when it comes to residential real estate in India.

NIMBY is not a term we often hear in India, though it is quite a popular word (and a dynamic concept) in the West. That said, NIMBY - an acronym for 'Not In My Back Yard - is definitely an unspoken mind-set when it comes to residential real estate in India.
 
Basically, 'Nimbys' are residents of a locality of project who are opposed to the implementation of a certain initiative by the Government, industries or private developers in their neighbourhood. Classic examples in the Indian context are flyovers, chemical factories, power plants and in fact any kind of development that could conceivably obstruct the view, disrupt the peace or pollute the air.
 
‘Nimbyism’ does exist in the Indian real estate space, but the choices of opponents to certain developments within their neighbourhoods is generally quite restricted. The Indian real estate space is still largely unorganized, and problems such as encroachment, unauthorized structures and lack of scientific town planning are still the order of the day in most of our cities.
 
The concepts of regulated real estate development and macro-level town planning are beginning to take hold and are, in fact, already operational in cities like Chandigarh, Navi Mumbai and even in Pune. While this evolution is happening against a large backdrop of damage that already been done and is difficult to undo, this does not mean that 'Nimbyism' is a futile and impotent concept in India.
 
In Indian residential real estate, middle-class housing societies administrative bodies comprised of residents within a registered housing complex have the right to refuse unscheduled construction within the complex premises. That said, they have little or no control over what happens beyond the compound walls. In cities like Mumbai and Delhi, upscale housing complexes continue to co-exist cheek-to-jowl with slums and slapdash tenements. This is more or less accepted as a reality of life, since slums are often under the political protection.
 
The ultra-luxury segment presents a rather different picture. Indian cities do have their elite pockets, such as Lutyens Zone in Delhi, Nariman Point in Mumbai, Jubilee Hills in Hyderabad, and so on. In Pune, Sahakar Nagar, Prabhat Road and Boat Club Road are ready examples of empowered neighbourhoods. In these areas, residents have a stronger voice over what happens in their immediate locality and they do raise them. This level of influence derives from a combination of factors - including the social strata in which the residents fall and the fact that the zones themselves are under the purview of stricter-than-usual zoning guidelines.
 
As such, Nimbyism is definitely not a negative concept - in fact, cities like Pune need a larger dose of it. Residents should have a say in what happens in their neighbourhoods. This is especially true if the developments they are opposing are taking place outside of the existing zoning laws and are serious threats to the health, harmony and safety. What is needed is more exacting city planning, which should ideally be part of the overall development plan for the city. Likewise, developers can also to some extent ensure the sanctity of the residential projects they create.
 
They can do so by avoiding the acquisition of plots in areas which are known for unregulated development or where major infrastructure undertakings such as power plants and grids are scheduled to come up, by studying the city planning and zoning for the area prior to acquiring plots, by providing the projects with a high degree of integration and self-sufficiency, and by ensuring that the project has generous open spaces both within and around the perimeter.

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Mumbai
Capital Values Rate/Sq ft (INR)
Aajiwali
3000 - 5000
Ambernath
3000 - 5000
Badlapur
1000 - 3000
Bhandup (West)
11000 - 13000
Chembur (East)
15000 - 17000
Chembur (West)
11000 - 14000
Dombivali (East)
4000 - 6000
Ghatkopar
13000 - 15000
Heeranandani Gardens Estate - Powai
25000 - 30000
Hiranandani Gardens Estate - Powai
25000 - 30000
Kalyan (East)
2000 - 4000
Kalyan( West)
3000 - 5000
Karjat
1000 - 3000
Khandala
8000 - 10000
Kharegaon
5000 - 7000
King Circle
17000 - 28000
LBS Marg
12000 - 15000
Lonavala
3000 - 5000
Mulund (East)
11000 - 14000
Mulund (West)
11000 - 14000
Mumbai Nasik Highway
3000 - 6000
Powai
15000 - 17000
Senapati Bhagath Singh Road
3000 - 5000
Sion (East)
18000 - 21000
Sion (West)
17000 - 22000
Tilak Nagar
12000 - 22000
Ulhasnagar
3000 - 5000
Vikhroli
11000 - 14000
4 Bunglows
17000 - 28000
7 Bunglows
13000 - 23000
Chandivali
10000 - 15000
Malad (East)
12000 - 14000
Versova
21000 - 24000
Airoli
4000 - 8000
Belapur
6000 - 9000
Ghansoli
6000 - 8000
Kalamboli
4000 - 9000
Kamothe
4000 - 6000
Nerul
7000 - 10000
Palm Beach Road
12000 - 15000
Panvel
3000 - 6000
Sanpada
8000 - 10000
Sea Woods
8000 - 10000
Ulwe
3000 - 6000
Uran
3000 - 6000
Vashi
9000 - 12000
Altamount Road
62000 - 72000
Breach Candy
62000 - 74000
Chowpathy
48000 - 58000
Colaba
42000 - 46000
Cuffe Parade
67000 - 69000
Dadar(East)
32000 - 34000
Dadar(West)
29000 - 32000
Lower Parel
32000 - 34000
Mahalaxmi
38000 - 40000
Malabar Hills
68000 - 75000
Mumbai Central
23000 - 34000
Napean Sea Road
66000 - 74000
Parel
26000 - 34000
Prabhadevi
37000 - 39000
Tardeo
41000 - 49000
Worli
36000 - 41000
Andheri (West)
18000 - 20000
Andheri(East)
15000 - 17000
Bevarly Park
5000 - 7000
Bhayander (East)
5000 - 6000
Bhayander (West)
3000 - 5000
Boisar
1000 - 3000
Borivali (East)
11000 - 13000
Borivali (West)
10000 - 14000
Dahisar
4000 - 8000
Goregaon (East)
13000 - 17000
Goregaon (West)
12000 - 14000
Kandivali (East)
12000 - 14000
Kandiwali (West)
11000 - 12000
Malad(West)
9000 - 14000
Mira Road
5000 - 7000
Naigaon
1000 - 4000
Nala Sopara (Eastt)
3000 - 5000
Nalasopara (West)
3000 - 5000
Poonam Nagar
6000 - 8000
Shanti Nagar
7000 - 9000
Shrishti
6000 - 9000
Vasai Road
1200 - 4000
Virar
1000 - 3000
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