Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru has been hanged. The Jaish-e-Mohammad terrorist was hanged at 8 am on Saturday, Home Secretary RK Singh said. A recommendation to hang him had been sent to the President on January 21. The President gave it his assent on February 3.
Below is a brief timeline of Parliament attack case and Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorist's journey to the gallows:
December 13, 2001: Five terrorists enter Parliament complex and open indiscriminate fire, killing nine people and injuring over 15.
December 15, 2001: Delhi Police pick up Afzal Guru, a member of terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM), from Jammu and Kashmir. S A R Geelani of Delhi University's Zakir Hussain College picked up for questioning and later arrested. Two others - Afsan Guru and her husband Shaukat Hussain Guru - were picked up later.
December 29, 2001: Afzal Guru sent to 10-day police remand.
June 4, 2002: Charges are framed against four people - Afzal Guru, Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru, Afsan Guru and Geelani.
December 18, 2002: Afzal was awarded death sentence by a Delhi court after being convicted of conspiracy to attack Parliament on December 13, 2001. SAR Geelani and Shaukat Hussain Guru also get death. Afsan Guru is let off.
Aug 30, 2003: Jaish-e-Muhammad leader Ghazi Baba, prime accused in the attack, is killed in an encounter with the Border Security Force (BSF) in Srinagar. Three more militants along with him are also killed in the 10-hour encounter.
October 29, 2003: The death sentence was upheld by Delhi High Court. Geelani acquitted in the case.
August 4, 2005: His appeal rejected by the Supreme Court two years later. SC commutes Shaukat Hussain Guru's death sentence to 10 years of rigorous imprisonment.
Oct 3, 2006: Afzal Guru's wife Tabasum Guru files a mercy petition with then President APJ Abdul Kalam.
October 20, 2006: Afzal Guru's execution initially scheduled for this date. The execution was stayed after his wife filed a mercy petition with the President. The demand for his hanging intensified after the 26/ 11 terror attacks.
Jan 12, 2007: The Supreme Court dismisses Afzal Guru's plea seeking review of his death sentence, saying "there is no merit" in it.
May 19, 2010: Delhi government rejects Afzal Guru's mercy petition; endorses capital punishment awarded to him by the Supreme Court.
Dec 30, 2010: Shaukat Hussain Guru released from Delhi's Tihar Jail.
August, 2011: The MHA sent his mercy plea recommendation.
December 10, 2012: Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde said that he would examine Afzal Guru's file after Parliament's winter session concluded on December 22.
January 21, 2013: Recommendation sent to President Pranab Mukherjee to hang Afzal Guru.
February 3, 2013: The President signed the recommendation, giving it his approval.
February 4, 2013: Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde signs the recommendation. On February 8, the final date for execution is decided.
February 9, 2013: Afzal Guru is hanged at 8 am in Tihar jail.