Recently, the Union Ministry of Power released a draft National Electricity Policy 2021. The first objective of the policy refers to transition to clean and sustainable energy generation which aligns with the global agenda on climate ambitions and energy transition.
Now, more than ever before, the energy transition goals in India have a much more concrete shape and goal. The targets, initially in the form of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, have transformed into newer ones with a focus on achieving renewable energy targets of ‘175 GW by 2022’ and ‘450 GW by 2030’.
Without doubt these targets are ambitious, and have caught the attention of the global community. However, they also raise questions: Are these targets scientific? Were these a result of expertise-driven assessments? What are the environmental and socio-economic rationale behind setting these targets?
There are deeper concerns as well.