Mar 17, 2012, 04.07 PM | Source:

Excise duty: Highlights of Union Budget 2012-13 by Firstcall Research

Firstcall Research has come out with its report on "Highlights of Indian UnionBudget 2012-13"

Firstcall Research has come out with its report on "Highlights of Indian UnionBudget 2012-13"

India’s GDP is estimated to grow at 6.9 per cent in real terms in 2011-12. The growth is estimated to be 2.5 per cent in agriculture, 3.9 per cent in industry and 9.4 per cent in services. There is a significant slowdown in comparison to the preceding two years, primarily due to deceleration in industrial growth, more specifically in private investment. Rising cost of credit and weak domestic business sentiment, added to this decline.

Current account deficit at 3.6 per cent of GDP for 2011-12 and reduced net capital inflow in the 2nd and 3rd quarters put pressure on exchange rate. The headline inflation remained high for most part of the year. It was only in December 2011 that it moderated to 8.3 per cent followed by 6.6 per cent in January 2012. Monthly food inflation declined from 20.2 per cent in February 2010, to 9.4 per cent in March 2011 and turned negative in January 2012.

Though the February 2012 inflation figure has gone up marginally, Indian economy expect the headline inflation to moderate further in the next few months and remain stable thereafter.

Monetary and fiscal policy response during the past two years was geared towards taming domestic inflationary pressures. A tight monetary policy impacted investment and consumption growth. The fiscal policy had to absorb expanded outlays on subsidies and duty reductions to limit the pass-through of higher fuel prices to consumers.

The developments in India’s external trade in the first half of the current year were encouraging. During April-January 2011-12, exports grew by 23 per cent to reach US Dollar 243 billion, while imports at US Dollar 391 billion recorded a growth of over 29 per cent. The share of Asia, including ASEAN, in total trade increased from 33.3 per cent in 2000-2001 to 57.3 per cent in the first half of 2011-12.

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