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4-day work week, decreased in-hand salary: Likely changes under new labour codes

There are 29 consolidated central labour laws under four codes on – wages, occupational health social security, and industrial relations.

June 24, 2022 / 04:20 PM IST
With an increase in PF contribution, an employee’s take-home salary will also take a hit. (Representative Image)

With an increase in PF contribution, an employee’s take-home salary will also take a hit. (Representative Image)


The government has released a set of four new labour codes which are all set to cause significant impact on how an employee’s salary and work week looks like.

There has been no official announcement yet on when the new codes will be implemented however reports say July 1 is the set date in all probability. 23 states and Union Territories (UTs) have already published the draft rules under the Code on Wages.

When the codes come into effect, employees may see an increase in work hours, changes in PF contributions, a four-day work week and a decrease in the take-home salary.

4-day work week

Under the new codes, an employer may allow their employees to work for four days instead of five in a week. But there is a catch. An employee can do a 4-day work week but it will see a significant increase in their work hours to 12 hours per day.

Work hours

The number of work hours are not going to be reduced even if there is a 4-day work week. The new wage code mandates a 48-hour work week. So, naturally, the number of work hours daily will see a steep increase. Employees will have to increase their current eight or nine-hour work day to a 12-hour shift if they want to opt for the 4-day week. This will be applicable to every industry, but may change according to state laws.

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PF contribution and Gratuity

The new codes are set to increase an employee’s Provident Fund contribution as well. The basic salary of an employee will now be at least 50 per cent of their gross monthly salary leading to an increase in PF contribution made by employees as well as employers. The retirement corpus and gratuity amount will also increase.

In-hand salary

With an increase in PF contribution, an employee’s take-home salary will also take a hit.

Read more: 4-day work week, decreased in-hand salary: Likely changes under new labour codes

Annual leaves

There have been no changes to the number of leaves but employees will now get earn a leave for every 20 days of work instead of 45. Also, an employee will be eligible to apply for leave 180 days after joining a company, reduced from 240, after the new codes are implemented.

There are 29 consolidated central labour laws under four codes on – wages, occupational health social security, and industrial relations. The Parliament approved the Code of Wages in August 2019 and the rest of the codes were passed in September 2020. Only after all the states notify the new rules, the codes can be implemented as labour is under the Concurrent List of the Constitution.
Stella Dey
first published: Jun 24, 2022 04:14 pm
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