A sharp single-day surge of 13,659 new COVID-19 cases was reported in Maharashtra on March 10. The numbers, recorded in the period of preceding 24 hours, are the highest in 2021 so far.
In the corresponding period, 54 deaths were also reported and 9,913 infected patients were discharged, the state health department said.
The tally of active cases in Maharashtra reached 99,008, which is the highest among all states and union territories in India. Cumulatively, the state has recorded 22,52,057 cases since the onset of pandemic in March last year.
A total of 20,99,207 patients have recovered so far, whereas, the state's overall death tally stood at 52,610.
The per-day count in Maharashtra had decelerated to around 2,500-per day by late-January this year. However, a constant surge in infections have been reported since the past month.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
The Mumbai division, which is the highest contributor to the per-day COVID-19 surge, recorded 2,933 new cases. The number account for the infections reported in the suburbs of Navi Mumbai, Kalyan, Ulhasnagar, Bhivandi, Mira Bhayandar, Palghar, Vasai Virar, Raigad and Panvel.
In Mumbai city alone, 1,539 infections and five deaths were reported.
In Nashik circle, 2,365 fresh cases were reported, and 2,882 new cases in Pune circle, which includes the districts of Pune, Satara and Solapur.
The Maharashtra government has authorised the local municipal bodies to take the call on imposition of lockdowns to curb the pace of transmission.
In Mumbai, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) announced the tightening of norms on March 10. Any person found jumping home isolation would be sent to "compulsory institutional quarantine".
The civic body has also made it mandatory for housing societies to display the flat numbers of infected patients on notice boards, in case the building has reported more than five cases.Over 90 percent of the new infections recorded in the past two months were reported in buildings and high-rises, the BMC said.