India’s count of daily coronavirus infections continues to decline, with the country reporting 1,86,364 cases in the last 24 hours, the lowest in 44 days, the health ministry’s May 28 update show.
Though the country’s case count has gone past 2.75 crore, this is the 12th consecutive day that the daily count has stayed below 3 lakh.
As many as 3,660 new deaths were reported in the last 24 hours, while recoveries were at 2,59,459.
More than 20.57 crore vaccine doses have been administered, the May 28 update said, with 29,19,699 jabs give in the last 24 hours (highest in 32 days).
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Of the total vaccines administered, 79 percent are first doses, while 21 percent are second doses. Among states, Maharashtra has given the most vaccine doses at 2.16 crore followed by Uttar Pradesh at 1.74 crore and Rajasthan at 1.64 crore.
India now has 23,43,152 active cases with a fall of 76,755 cases in the last 24 hours, as per the May 28 update. Nine states— Odisha, Tamil Nadu and six states in the northeast—reported a rise in active cases.
Karnataka has the highest number of active cases at 4,02,224 in the country followed by Tamil Nadu at 3,13,048 and Maharashtra at 3,03,752. These three states account for 43 percent of the country's active cases.
Tamil Nadu reported the most new cases at 33,361 in the last 24 hours,followed by Karnataka (24,214), Kerala (24,166), Maharashtra (21,273) and Andhra Pradesh (16,167). These five states accounted for 64 percent of all the new cases in India.
Maharashtra also reported the highest deaths at 884 followed by Karnataka (476), Tamil Nadu (474), Uttar Pradesh (187) and Kerala (181). These five states account for 60 percent of all the new deaths in the country.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli/Daman and Diu and Mizoram did not report any deaths.
Total recoveries in India now stand at over 2.48 crore with the recovery rate at 90.3 percent. Maharashtra recorded the most 34,370 new recoveries, followed by Karnataka (31,459), Kerala (30,539), Tamil Nadu (30,063) and Andhra Pradesh (21,385).
Total COVID-19 deaths in India now stand at 3,18,895, as per May 28 update. The mortality rate is now at 1.2 percent, with Punjab reporting the highest (2.5 percent). Over 20 lakh daily tests reported on May 27 with more than 33.90 crore tests carried out to date.
Globally, more than 16.96 crore COVID-19 cases have been recorded, with 35.25 lakh deaths. Over 1.46 crore active cases have been reported, with the US accounting for the most (39 percent) followed by India at 16 percent.