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Coronavirus daily update: COVID-19 cases explained in charts

India reported over 31,000 new cases according to the official update, on December 1, lowest since November 17. Active cases in India slide further below the 4.5 lakh mark, with a fall of over 11,000 cases in a day.

December 01, 2020 / 11:20 AM IST

As many as 31,118 new cases of novel coronavirus were reported, with India’s total COVID-19 cases above 94 lakh, as per health ministry’s December 1 update. 

India reported 482 new deaths (below the 500-mark for fifth day) and 41,985 recoveries in the last 24 hours, the latest release show. After seeing a rise, active cases now continue to drop for the fourth day, to 4,35,603 with a fall of 11,349 cases in a day.

Four states--Maharashtra, Kerala, Delhi and Karnataka now have more than 25,000 active cases.

Maharashtra reported the most (3,837) new cases in the last 24 hours, followed by Delhi (3,726), Kerala (3,382), Rajasthan (2,677) and West Bengal (2,671). These top five states account for more than half (52 percent) of all the new cases in India. 

covid-19-update Dec 1

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Delhi reported the most (108) deaths, followed by Maharashtra (80), West Bengal (48), Haryana (27) and Punjab (27). These five states account for 60 percent of all the new deaths reported across the country.

About nine states and union territories like Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Dadra and Nagar Haveli/Daman and Diu, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura did not report any deaths today. 

While Kerala reported 6,055 new recoveries, the most, followed by Delhi (5,824), Maharashtra (4,196), Rajasthan (2,762) and West Bengal (2,730). 

covid-19-Dec 1

The total number of COVID-19 cases in India now at 94,62,809 with 88,89,585 recoveries and 1,37,621 deaths as on December 1, 2020. The recovery rate moved up to 93.9 percent with mortality rate at 1.5 percent. Less than 10 lakh (9,69,322) daily tests were reported on November 30, while more than 14.13 crore tests have been carried out till date.
Chaitanya Mallapur
first published: Dec 1, 2020 11:20 am

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