Captain Steven Smith scored his second century of the series to put Australia on course for a big first innings score on the first day of the third Test against India in Ranchi on Thursday.
The visitors finished the day on 299/4, with Smith (117*) batting alongside Glenn Maxwell (82*) as the duo put on an unbeaten partnership of 170.
The stand took the stuffing out of the Indian bowling, which had toiled hard to pick up four wickets by tea, including three in the first session.
Smith crossed the 5,000-run mark in Tests with his unbeaten knock as he anchored the innings with Australia in a tricky position at 140/4. But Maxwell was the real surprise, with the limited-overs specialist curbing his natural aggression to play a measured innings in which he faced the most number of balls in an innings during his four-Test career.