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Coronavirus Daily Update: COVID-19 cases explained in charts

India reported more than 16,000 COVID-19 new cases on March 5. Active cases rise above 1.76 lakh mark. Over 1.80 crore beneficiaries have been vaccinated till date.

March 05, 2021 / 10:46 AM IST

As many as 16,838 new cases of novel coronavirus were reported, with India’s total COVID-19 cases above 1.11 crore, as per the health ministry’s March 5 update.

India reported 113 new deaths and 13,819 new recoveries in the last 24 hours, the latest release shows. As many as 1,80,05,503 beneficiaries have been vaccinated across India according to the update.

Active cases rose to 1,76,319 with an increase of 2,906 cases on March 5. Maharashtra now reports the most (86,359 or 49 percent) active cases in the country, followed by Kerala (44,734) and Punjab (6,264).

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Maharashtra reported the most (8,998 or 53 percent) new cases in the last 24 hours, followed by Kerala (2,616), Punjab (1,071), Karnataka (571) and Tamil Nadu (482). These five states account for 82 percent of all the new cases reported in India.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Maharashtra also reported the most (60 or 53 percent) new deaths, followed by Punjab (15), Kerala (14), Karnataka (4) and Tamil Nadu (4). These five states account for 86 percent of all the new deaths reported across the country.

About 20 states and union territories--Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli/Daman and Diu, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Puducherry, Sikkim, Tripura and Uttarakhand--did not report any deaths today. 

India’s recovery rate is 97 percent. Dadra Nagar Haveli/Daman & Diu recorded the highest (99.8 percent) recovery rate. In terms of cases, Maharashtra recorded 6,135 new recoveries, the most, followed by Kerala (4,156), Karnataka (496), Tamil Nadu (490) and Punjab (385).

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The total number of COVID-19 cases in India is now at 1,11,73,761 with 1,08,39,894 recoveries and 1,57,548 deaths as per March 5, update. The mortality rate in the country stands at 1.4 percent with Punjab reporting the highest (3.2 percent). More than 7 lakh daily tests were reported on March 4 with more than 21.99 crore tests carried out till date.

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Despite the high number of cases and deaths reported by India, the country fares better when compared with other nations in terms of per million population.
Chaitanya Mallapur
first published: Mar 5, 2021 10:46 am

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