The record feat of 1.03 crore vaccine doses on August 27 was achieved on the back of Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Haryana notching up their highest daily jab numbers, villages joining the party with 70 percent of all jabs given in rural India, and Mumbai, Bengaluru and Gurgaon hitting their peak in jabs.
Uttar Pradesh breached the three million doses mark on August 27 for the first time. Karnataka also recorded its highest vaccination mark of over 1.1 million jabs. Maharashtra recorded a little shy of one million jabs. These three states accounted for 50 percent of the total vaccinations in India on Friday.
Two other states, West Bengal and Haryana also achieved their highest daily vaccination mark on August 27. While West Bengal saw 5.53 lakh vaccinations, Haryana was a surprise package as it achieved its highest vaccination mark of 6.12 lakh doses, which was almost double its earlier highest mark.
While rural India notched up nearly 73 lakh jabs out of the total 1.03 crore jabs, big urban centers topped the vaccination numbers. Mumbai district saw the highest number of 1.77 lakh vaccinations on August 27. Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (Bengaluru) recorded its highest vaccination mark of 1.67 lakh jabs while Bengaluru Urban and Bengaluru Rural also hit their highest daily vaccination mark. Gurgaon in Haryana hit its highest jab mark of 67,000 doses.
In UP, Lucknow recorded its highest number of 91,437 jabs while the Prime Minister’s constituency of Varanasi also recorded a record high of over 56,000 jabs, the data shows.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Incidentally, Madhya Pradesh - another high vaccination state - keeps Fridays as an off day for vaccination.Going ahead, the government would want to increase the proportion of second doses in the total vaccinations. On August 27 for example, over 75 percent of the jabs given were first doses. The Centre is pressing upon states to run special campaigns so that the second dose is administered to the maximum number of people and full protection from COVID-19 is offered.