The Economic Survey 2021, released by Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) KV Subramanian on January 29, quoted from Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book to highlight the progress made in "access to bare necessities".
The survey pointed out that all regions of India, including urban and rural, have improved on the Bare Necessities Index (BNI). The term bare necessities is used to refer to the basic needs of housing, water, sanitation, electricity, and clean cooking fuel.
"Access to bare necessities is the highest in the States such as Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, and Gujarat while it is the lowest in Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Tripura. The improvements are widespread as they span each of the five dimensions viz., access to water, housing, sanitation, micro-environment, and other facilities," the survey read.