Moneycontrol
Last Updated : Mar 20, 2018 12:31 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

How driverless cars work and who’s making them

Various tech as well as conventional auto makers are developing self-driving cars which require synchronised functioning of video cameras, radars and Lidar sensors, among other systems.

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Various technology as well as conventional automobile manufacturers are developing autonomous vehicles or driverless cars. (Image: Reuters)
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Various technology as well as conventional automobile manufacturers are developing autonomous vehicles or driverless cars. (Image: Reuters)

There are multiple components that work together to control a driverless car. There are radar sensors around the car, video cameras and Lidar sensors, among others. (Image: Reuters)
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There are multiple components that work together to control a driverless car. There are radar sensors around the car, video cameras and Lidar sensors, among others. (Image: Reuters)

The radar sensors are strategically placed around the car to monitor position of vehicles around the car. (Image: Reuters)
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The radar sensors are strategically placed around the car to monitor position of vehicles around the car. (Image: Reuters)

The cars have video cameras which help detect traffic lights, read road signs and look out for pedestrians and other obstructions on the road. (Image: Reuters)
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The cars have video cameras which help detect traffic lights, read road signs and look out for pedestrians and other obstructions on the road. (Image: Reuters)

The Lidar sensors detect edges of roads, pavements, footpaths and identify lane markings. This is done by constantly bouncing pulses of light off the car’s surroundings. The sensor is able to create a three-dimensional picture of the surroundings for the car. (Image: Reuters)
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The Lidar sensors detect edges of roads, pavements, footpaths and identify lane markings. This is done by constantly bouncing pulses of light off the car’s surroundings. The sensor is able to create a three-dimensional picture of the surroundings for the car. (Image: Reuters)

Google is developing driverless cars under the Waymo Self-Driving Car Project. (Image: Reuters)
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Google is developing driverless cars under the Waymo Self-Driving Car Project. (Image: Reuters)

Elon Musk-led Tesla is working on ‘Tesla Autopilot’, a system that can be adopted in Tesla vehicles. The company claims that the system allows cars to seek speed assistance, can auto park, auto steer and has adaptive cruise control. (Image: Reuters)
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Elon Musk-led Tesla is working on ‘Tesla Autopilot’, a system that can be adopted in Tesla vehicles. The company claims that the system allows cars to seek speed assistance, can auto park, auto steer and has adaptive cruise control. (Image: Reuters)

Cab-hailing giant Uber is also testing its own driverless systems. The company claims that it has completed more than 32 lakh kilometres in autonomous mode. It has also met with accidents, one of them resulting in a fatality. (Image: Reuters)
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Cab-hailing giant Uber is also testing its own driverless systems. The company claims that it has completed more than 32 lakh kilometres in autonomous mode. It has also met with accidents, one of them resulting in a fatality. (Image: Reuters)

German automaker BMW is also testing its driverless car systems on the Series 5 cars. The company is aiming for a completely autonomous car by 2021. (Image: Reuters)
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German automaker BMW is also testing its driverless car systems on the Series 5 cars. The company is aiming for a completely autonomous car by 2021. (Image: Reuters)

Japanese car maker Nissan is working on the Leaf model to introduce driverless cabs under the ‘Easy ride’ taxi service project. (Image: Reuters)
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Japanese car maker Nissan is working on the Leaf model to introduce driverless cabs under the ‘Easy ride’ taxi service project. (Image: Reuters)

First Published on Mar 20, 2018 12:31 pm
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