Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on June 30, said there were increased instances of carelessness during Unlock 1.0 when it came to preventive measures against COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.
In a televised address to the nation, PM Modi said carelessness about taking precautions is a cause of concern.
“Ever since Unlock 1.0 started in the country, negligence in personal and social behaviour has been increasing. Earlier, we were more cautious about the use of masks, 'do gaj doori' and washing hands several times a day for 20 seconds,” PM Modi said.
The prime minister said that more focus is needed on containment zones and people should be urged to follow rules. “We need to ensure full precaution especially in containment zones,” PM Modi said.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
He urged governments, local administrations and citizens to show caution again and asserted that no one is above the lockdown rules.
“In comparison to other countries across the world, India is still in a very stable situation, in the battle against COVID-19. Timely decisions and measures have played a great role,” PM Modi said.
PM Modi also announced extension of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana for another five months, which he said would cost the government Rs 90,000 crore. The prime minister added that the process of implementing ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ scheme was on.