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Cost Inflation Index

Financial Year (CII)
1981-82 100
1982-83 109
1983-84 116
1984-85 125
1985-86 133
1986-87 140
1987-88 150
1988-89 161
1989-90 172
1990-91 182
1991-92 199
1992-93 223
Financial Year (CII)
1993-94 244
1994-95 259
1995-96 281
1996-97 305
1997-98 331
1998-99 351
1999-2000 389
2000-2001 406
2001-02 426
2002-03 447
2003-04 463
2004-05 480
Financial Year (CII)
2005-06 497
2006-07 519
2007-08 551
2008-09 582
2009-10 632
2010-11 711
2011-12 785
2012-13 852
2013-14 939
2014-15 1024
2015-16 1081

Tax Saving Instruments

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Indus Ind Bank


Punjab National Bank


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Tax Planning

Pains you to see a chunk of your salary getting deducted towards taxes?

Here are tips to minimise your tax


Choose Expert

Subhash Lakhotia

Tax Consultant

Anil Rego

Founder and CEO, Right Horizons

Lovaii Navlakhi

MD & Chief Financial Planner, International Money Matters

Arnav Pandya

Financial Planner

Balwant Jain

Company Secretary,Bombay Oxygen

Suresh Sadagopan

Certified Financial Planner, Ladder7 Financial Advisories

Umesh Rathi

CFPcm, Arihant Capital

Expert Comments
viyankaasii: I am merchant navy nri. I want to invest in equities but not through PIS as the charges are too high which will eat away chunk of my investments. I think of investing through my wife who is a housewife. Is it legal to do like that? If so how much i can invest through her without paying income tax for her. ? Can i give money as gift so that it doesnt attracts tax? How much is the max.permissible amount i can give as gift so that she doesnt have to pay tax?

Balwant Jain

Company Secretary, Bombay Oxygen

As far as amount up to which you can gift to your wife is concerned there is no upper cap and all the gits are tax exempt. However any income which your wife earns on the money so gifted shall be added to your income due to applicability of clubbing provisions. In order to avoid the clubbing of income, you can give interest free loan to your wife and she can make investment in shares. Since this is not your fulltime job, I would advise you to stay away from direct investing in equity and in stead invest in equity oriented mutual funds with good historical performance and belonging to reputed fund house. Please understand that investing in equity is very risky and volatile for short term so unless your time horizon of investing is more than 7-8 years please do not invest the money in equity.

Balwant Jain

Company Secretary, Bombay Oxygen

Whether you can do trading in shares in future and option, being a government employee, depends on your service rules. So in case your service rules allow you to indulge in trading in derivatives, the income earned on such transactions shall be treated as normal income and will be added to your regular income like salary, interest etc.. Though tax will be deducted by your employer from your salary, you will still have to pay the tax on such income at the rate applicable to your either by way of advance tax or self assessment.. Alternatively you can disclose your income from such trading to the employer and request them to deduct higher TDS.

Balwant Jain

Company Secretary, Bombay Oxygen

Taxation of capital gains on redevelopment of a property is new phenomena and just evolving. Though you have demolished your house and handed over the possession of the land to the developer, you will still be able to claim the tax exemption under Section 54. As far as the question as to the number of the houses for which you will get exemption, the law has been amended by finance act 2014 restricting the benefits only for one house unless both the flats which you will get are going to be used as single residential unit. The incidence of capital gains generally gets triggered on the incidence of transfer of the capital gains even if you have not received the sale consideration. So in your case staggering of the receipts of money from the developer is not going to help you in any tax planning under Section 54EC for capital gains bonds. Since the subject of taxation of capital gains on redevelopment of property is not so simple and need to take into consideration various factors, I would advise you to kindly take help from a Chartered Accountants or a tax expert as the stakes are generally very high.
ravi_ritul: i am a salried emp in 10%tax braket. i earned rs. 3,25,000 in FNO segment. what will be my tax laibility on FNO income for fin year 2014-15

Balwant Jain

Company Secretary, Bombay Oxygen

Your income from FNO shall be added to your other taxable incomes as this is treated as normal income and is taxed at normal rate. So the tax on your FNO income shall be payable at the slab rate applicable to you.
hem26ind: Hi, I am a defence pensioner. my total pension is around 13031 pm. also I have FD of Rs 16 lakhs of which monthly interest is being credit to my account around 12466/-pm. what will be my tax liability for FY 2014-15? Also please suggest is there any way to reduce tax?

Balwant Jain

Company Secretary, Bombay Oxygen

Since finance year 2014-2015 is over it is late for me to suggest any measure for you to save tax for that period. As far as calculation of your tax liability is concerned. It is simple add up all your taxable incomes like pension and interest on fixed deposit in your case for the year. Deduct any deductions for eligible amounts under section 80 C and 80 D. Presuming your do not have any other income and do not have anything to claim under Section 80 C, 80 D or any other sections, your total income for the year is Rs. 3,05,964/-. I presume your are not senior citizen. Your tax liability shall be Rs. 5,596/- (Being 10% on the amount in excess of Rs. 2.50 lacs) plus 3% education surcharge. For saving income tax for the current year, you can contribute up to Rs. 1.50 lacs either towards Senior Citizen Saving Scheme and or 5 years tax savings bank FD.

Balwant Jain

Company Secretary, Bombay Oxygen

: For availing the benefit of additional Rs. 50,000/- deduction, you need to contribute toward Tier I account. It is only tier I account, contribution to which are eligible for deduction under Section 80CCD. Yes you can contribute towards your Tier I account yourself. Tier II account is a like a saving account where you can temporarily park your extra savings which you can either withdraw later on or transfer to Tier I account. Opening of Tier II account is optional and not mandatory. Please note withdrawals from Tier I account are generally not permitted before completion of 60 years of age.

Arnav Pandya

Financial Planner

The landlords PAN would not be required since the rent does not cross Rs 1 lakh in the year but it is better to provide this as it would not lead to any problems later on.


This calculator helps you to calculate the tax you owe on your taxable income after considering all eligible tax deductions under section 80C.

Tax Deductions


Nature of Deduction:

Payment of premium for annunity plan of LIC or any other insurer Deduction is available upto a maximum of Rs.10,000/-


The premium must be deposited to keep in force a contract for an annuity plan of the LIC or any other insurer for receiving pension from the fund.The Finance Act 2006 has enhanced the ceiling of deduction under Section 80CCC from Rs.10,000 to Rs.1,00,000 with effect from 1.4.2007.


Nature of Deduction:

Deposit made by an employee in his pension account to the extent of 10% of his salary.


Where the Central Government makes any contribution to the pension account, deduction of such contribution to the extent of 10% of salary shall be allowed. Further, in any year where any amount is received from the pension account such amount shall be charged to tax as income of that previous year. The Finance Act, 2009 has extended benefit to any individual assesse, not being a Central Government employee.


Nature of Deduction:

Subscription to long term infrastructure bonds.


Subscription made by individual or HUF to the extent of Rs. 20,000 to notified long term infrastructure bonds was exempt for the financial year 2010-11 and 2011-12. However, the exemption is no longer present from financial year 2012-13.


Nature of Deduction:

Payment of medical insurance premium. Deduction is available upto Rs.15,000/ for self/ family and also upto Rs. 15,000/- for insurance in respect of parent/ parents of the assessee.


The premium is to be paid by any mode of payment other than cash and the insurance scheme should be framed by the General Insurance Corporation of India & approved by the Central Govt. or Scheme framed by any other insurer and approved by the Insurance Regulatory & Development Authority. The premium should be paid in respect of health insurance of the assessee or his family members. The Finance Act 2008 has also provided deduction upto Rs. 15,000/- in respect of health insurance premium paid by the assessee towards his parent/parents. W.e.f. 01.04.2011, contributions made to the Central Government Health Scheme is also covered under this section.


Nature of Deduction:

Deduction of Rs.40,000/ - in respect of (a) expenditure incurred on medical treatment, (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of handicapped dependant relative. (b) Payment or deposit to specified scheme for maintenance of dependant handicapped relative. W.e.f. 01.04.2004 the deduction under this section has been enhanced to Rs.50,000/-. Further, if the dependant is a person with severe disability a deduction of Rs.1,00,000/- shall be available under this section.


The handicapped dependant should be a dependant relative suffering from a permanent disability (including blindness) or mentally retarded, as certified by a specified physician or psychiatrist. Note: A person with severe disability means a person with 80% or more of one or more disabilities as outlined in section 56(4) of the “Persons with Disabilities (Equal opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act.


Nature of Deduction:

Deduction of Rs.40,000 in respect of medical expenditure incurred. W.e.f. 01.04.2004, deduction under this section shall be available to the extent of Rs.40,000/- or the amount actually paid, whichever is less. In case of senior citizens, a deduction upto Rs.60,000/- shall be available under this Section.


Expenditure must be actually incurred by resident assessee on himself or dependent relative for medical treatment of specified disease or ailment. The diseases have been specified in Rule 11DD. A certificate in form 10 I is to be furnished by the assessee from a specialist working in a Government hospital.


Nature of Deduction:

Deduction in respect of payment in the previous year of interest on loan taken from a financial institution or approved charitable institution for higher studies.


This provision has been introduced to provide relief to students taking loans for higher studies. The payment of the interest thereon will be allowed as deduction over a period of upto 8 years. Further, by Finance Act, 2007 deduction under this section shall be available not only in respect of loan for pursuing higher education by self but also by spouse or children of the assessee. W.e.f.01.04.2010 higher education means any course of study pursued after passing the senior secondary examination or its equivalent from any recognized school, board or university.


Nature of Deduction:

Donation to certain funds, charitable institutions etc.


The various donations specified in Sec. 80G are eligible for deduction upto either 100% or 50% with or without restriction as provided in Sec. 80G


Nature of Deduction:

Deduction available is the least of (i) Rent paid less 10% of total income (ii) Rs.2000 per month (iii) 25% of total income


(1) Assessee or his spouse or minor child should not own residential accommodation at the place of employment. (2) He should not be in receipt of house rent allowance. (3) He should not have a self occupied residential premises in any other place.


Nature of Deduction:

Deduction of Rs.50,000/- to an individual who suffers from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation.Further, if the individual is a person with severe disability, deduction of Rs.75,000/- shall be available u/s 80U. W.e.f. 01.04.2010 this limit has been raised to Rs. 1 lakh.


Certificate should be obtained on prescribed format from a notified ‘Medical authority’.


Nature of Deduction:

Deduction in respect of any income by way of royalty in respect of a patent registered on or after 01.04.2003 under the Patents Act 1970 shall be available as :-Rs. 3 lacs or the income received, whichever is less.


The assessee who is a patentee must be an individual resident in India. The assessee must furnish a certificate in the prescribed form duly signed by the prescribed authority alongwith the return of income.


Nature of Deduction:

Deduction in respect of royalty or copyright income received in consideration for authoring any book of literary, artistic or scientific nature other than text book shall be available to the extent of Rs. 3 lacs or income received, whichever is less.


The assessee must be an individual resident in India who receives such income in exercise of his profession. To avail of this deduction, the assessee must furnish a certificate in the prescribed form along with the return of income.


Nature of Deduction:

This section has been introduced by the Finance Act, 2005. Broadly speaking, this section provides deduction from total income in respect of various investments/expenditures/payments in respect of which tax rebate u/s 88 was earlier available. The total deduction under this section is limited to Rs.1 lakh only.

Tax Slabs
Income tax slab (in Rs.)
0 to 2,00,000
No Tax
2,00,001 to 5,00,000
5,00,001 to 10,00,000
Above 10,00,000
Education Cess 2%
Secondary and Higher Education Cess 1%


Allowance is generally defined as fixed quantity of money or other substance given regularly in addition to salary for the purpose of meeting some particular requirement connected with the services rendered by the employee or as compensation for unusual conditions of that service. It is fixed, pre-determined and given irrespective of actual expenditure.

Assessment year

Assessment year means the period of twelve months starting from April 1 of every year and ending on March 31 of the year. The period of assessment year is fixed by statute. Income of previous year of an assessee is taxed during the following assessment year at the rates prescribed for such assessment year by the relevant Finance Act.


Assessee means a person by whom any tax or any other sum of money (i.e., penalty or interest) is payable under the Act.

Approved gratuity fund

It means a gratuity fund which has been and continues to be approved by the Commissioner of Income-tax in accordance with the rules. Tax treatment of contribution to and payment from the fund is employer’s contribution is exempt from tax and actual payment received by the employee is exempt from tax within the limits.


Meaning of business includes any trade, commerce, manufacture, or any adventure or concern in the nature of trade, commerce or manufacture.

Capital asset

The expression "capital asset" means property of any kind held by an assessee, whether or not connected with his business or profession.


The expression "company" is defined to mean the following 1. any Indian company ; or 2.any body corporate incorporated under the laws of a foreign country ; or 3.any institution, association or a body which is assessed or was assessable / assessed as a company for any assessment year commencing on or before April 1, 1970 ; or 4.any institution, association or a body, whether incorporated or not and whether Indian or non-Indian, which is declared by general or special order of the Central Board of Direct Taxes to be a company.


Depreciation means loss or decline in value which occurs gradually over useful life of a material thing, due to physical wear, tear and decay, and is generally limited to losses or decline in value which cannot be restored by current repairs and maintenance.

Employees provident fund

Provident fund scheme is a retirement benefit scheme. Under this scheme, a stipulated sum is deducted from the salary of the employee as his contribution towards the fund. The employer also generally contributes simultaneously an equal amount out of its pocket to the fund. The contributions of employee and employer are invested in gilt-edged securities. Interest earned thereon is also credited to the provident fund account of employees.

Fair market value

Fair market value in relation to a capital asset means the price that the capital asset would ordinarily fetch on sale in the open market on the relevant date. Where, however, such price is not ascertainable, it may be determined in accordance with the prescribed rules.

Gross total income

Income of a person is computed under the heads of Salaries, Income from house property, Profits and gains of business or profession, Capital gains and Income from other sources. The aggregate income under these five heads is termed as "gross total income".

Insurance Premium

The amount of any premium paid in respect of insurance against risk of damage or destruction of stocks or stores, used for the purpose of business or profession, is allowable as deduction.


The term "perquisites" is defined as a gain or profit incidentally made from employment in addition to regular salary or wages, especially one of a kind expected or promised. Thus, the phrase "perquisites" signifies some benefit in addition to the amount that may be legally due by way of contract for services rendered.

Salary Income

Income under the head 'salary' comprises of remuneration in any form (including perquisites) received by an employee from employer. Thus, there should be contractual employer-employee relationship. The contract may be express, oral or implied. Salary is chargeable on due or receipt basis. Arrears of salary paid or allowed are includible if not charged to income tax for any earlier previous year. 'Salary' includes wages, dearness allowance, Bonus. gratuity, annuity or pension, advance of salary, Fees / Commissions perquisites/ profits received from employer in addition to salary, Leave encashment while in service, Employer's contribution to provident fund in excess of 12% of salary of employee, profit in lieu of salary.

Total Income

Total income of an assessee is gross total income as reduced by amount deductible under various sections.

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