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US coronavirus deaths top World War II fatalities as Joe Biden warns worst yet to come

A Johns Hopkins University tracker on January 20 showed that 4,05,400 people have died from COVID-19, more than the 4,05,399 total US combat and non-combat deaths in World War II.

January 21, 2021 / 12:43 PM IST
File image: US President Joe Biden and First Lady Dr. Jill Biden attend a COVID-19 memorial event at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC, United States on the eve of his inauguration as the 46th President. (Image: Reuters/Tom Brenner)

File image: US President Joe Biden and First Lady Dr. Jill Biden attend a COVID-19 memorial event at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC, United States on the eve of his inauguration as the 46th President. (Image: Reuters/Tom Brenner)

New US President Joe Biden warned the worst of the pandemic is still to come, as the number of American coronavirus deaths surpassed the country's troop fatalities in World War II.

Coronavirus cases have surged past 96 million worldwide, fuelled by the emergence of new variants including one that was first detected in Britain and has now spread to more than 60 nations, the World Health Organization said on January 20.

The United States remains the worst-hit country, with around a fifth of the two million global Covid-19 deaths, and Biden has made the fight against the pandemic his administration's top priority.

"We need all our strength to persevere through this dark winter. We're entering what may be the toughest and deadliest period of the virus," Biden said at his inauguration, where those in attendance wore face masks and social distancing was enforced.

A Johns Hopkins University tracker on January 20 showed that 405,400 people have died from the disease, more than the 405,399 total US combat and non-combat deaths in WWII.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Read: Biden takes the helm, appeals for unity to take on crises

Among the Biden administration's targets is to inoculate 100 million Americans in 100 days, hoping to revive a vaccine rollout that had floundered in the last weeks of the Trump presidency.

E-commerce titan Amazon on Wednesday offered its vast logistics infrastructure to help with that effort.

Biden's point-man for fighting the pandemic, Jeff Zients, said the US would also rejoin the WHO, reversing his predecessor's decision.

He added that top US expert Anthony Fauci would lead a delegation to the WHO executive board meeting on Thursday.

'A war zone'

The announcement came as the WHO confirmed that the virus variant first detected in Britain had spread to more than 60 countries, while one that emerged in South Africa has made it to 23.

The South African variant is more contagious than earlier ones, experts have warned.

Both have tempered optimism that mass vaccination will help to end the unpopular restrictions such as shutdowns that have wrecked economies around the world.

There was some good news, however, with early results from two studies on the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine showing it is effective against the British variant, which is fuelling a surge that has overwhelmed UK hospitals.

"When you go into a hospital... in some cases it looks like a war zone," the British government's chief scientist, Patrick Vallance, told Sky News.

Britain is mounting a massive vaccination drive, that has involved the repurposing of all kinds of large buildings -- including Salisbury Cathedral, where thousands of elderly people are receiving shots.

Two musicians worked in shifts throughout the day on its 19th-century organ, playing soothing pieces by composers including Bach and Dvorak.

"It's quite a scary thing to be going through -- the thought of the disease and what it can do to families and people," said Jeanie Grant, who had brought her 98-year-old father to the cathedral for his shot.

"(So) to actually come to a building that has seen so much history and is still serving a beautiful purpose for the community, I think it's very special."

Read more: Biden looks to galvanize COVID-19 fight, vaccinations as he takes office

'No one needs to panic'

There are concerns, however, that rich nations are hogging doses -- of the 50 nations that have started vaccination campaigns, 40 are high-income, according to WHO assistant director-general Mariangela Simao.

But Simao said efforts were underway to ensure access for all.

"No one needs to panic, because you're going to get a vaccine," she said.

The WHO co-led Covax facility, a globally-pooled vaccine procurement and distribution effort, has struck agreements with five manufacturers for two billion vaccine doses.

The urgency to be vaccinated wasn't being felt everywhere, however.

The Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan plans to vaccinate its entire population, but not until after March 13 because the period before has been deemed "inauspicious".

The shots will start after that, the prime minister's office said, adding that it was "important we roll out the nationwide vaccination on an auspicious date."

Click here for Moneycontrol’s full coverage of the coronavirus pandemic
AFP
first published: Jan 21, 2021 12:43 pm

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