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Last Updated : May 05, 2018 11:04 AM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

Most violent volcanoes in the world: Some spitting fire since 500,000 years

Volcanoes are one of the most picturesque and the most terrifying wonders of nature. There are 1,500 active volcanoes on the planet today. Technically, any volcano that has erupted in the last 10,000 years is defined as active.

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10. Mount Erebus, Antarctica | This is the southernmost volcano of the world. It has had continuous eruptions since 1972 and has a summit elevation of 3,794 meters. It is home to one of the few lava lakes of the world. (Image: Reuters)
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10. Mount Erebus, Antarctica | This is the southernmost volcano of the world. It has had continuous eruptions since 1972 and has a summit elevation of 3,794 meters. It is home to one of the few lava lakes of the world. (Image: Reuters)

9. Pacaya, Guatemala | This volcano was dormant for almost 100 years before becoming active in 1965. Its latest violent eruption was in May 2010, when local communities had to be evacuated due to damage caused by it. (Image: Reuters)
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9. Pacaya, Guatemala | This volcano was dormant for almost 100 years before becoming active in 1965. Its latest violent eruption was in May 2010, when local communities had to be evacuated due to damage caused by it. (Image: Reuters)

8. Erta Ale, Ethiopia | The volcano has been active since 1967 and has the record for the longest-existing lava lake. The name literally means ‘smoking mountain’, and the location is the driest, lowest and hottest places on the planet. (Image: Flickr)
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8. Erta Ale, Ethiopia | The volcano has been active since 1967 and has the record for the longest-existing lava lake. The name literally means ‘smoking mountain’, and the location is the driest, lowest and hottest places on the planet. (Image: Flickr)

7. Mount Merapi, Indonesia | It is the most active volcano out of the 130 in the country. Since 1967, Mount Merapi has been bellowing smoke over the mountains for over 300 days a year. (Image: Reuters)
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7. Mount Merapi, Indonesia | It is the most active volcano out of the 130 in the country. Since 1967, Mount Merapi has been bellowing smoke over the mountains for over 300 days a year. (Image: Reuters)

6. Ambrym, Vanuatu | A large basaltic volcano with a 12 km wide caldera, due to a huge explosion which happened in 50 AD, Ambrym has been active since 1935. It is located Oceania. Many of its eruptions have been violent. (Image: Reuters)
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6. Ambrym, Vanuatu | A large basaltic volcano with a 12 km wide caldera, due to a huge explosion which happened in 50 AD, Ambrym has been active since 1935. It is located Oceania. Many of its eruptions have been violent. (Image: Reuters)

5. Mount Yasur, Vanuatu | Continuously erupting for the last 800 years, the violent volcano is located on a remote Pacific Island called Tanna. It is one of the most accessible active volcanoes in the world. (Image: Flikr)
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5. Mount Yasur, Vanuatu | Continuously erupting for the last 800 years, the violent volcano is located on a remote Pacific Island called Tanna. It is one of the most accessible active volcanoes in the world. (Image: Flikr)

4. Stromboli, Italy | This volcano has been continuous erupting since the last 2000 years. It is known for sudden, violent bursts of molten lava, ash and rock. The term ‘Strombolian’ is now used to comparatively describe such bursts in other volcanoes. It sits on Stromboli island, which is the head of an underwater volcano. (Image: Reuters)
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4. Stromboli, Italy | This volcano has been continuous erupting since the last 2000 years. It is known for sudden, violent bursts of molten lava, ash and rock. The term ‘Strombolian’ is now used to comparatively describe such bursts in other volcanoes. It sits on Stromboli island, which is the head of an underwater volcano. (Image: Reuters)

3. Piton De La Fournaise, La Réunion Island | Literally translating to ‘Peak of the Furnace’, this volcano has been spewing lava for more than 500 years. There have been continuous eruptions since 1920. The volcano has a 8 km wide caldera, partially in the sea. There is little or no infrastructure around this; there have been 6 recorded eruptions since 1986. (Image: Reuters)
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3. Piton De La Fournaise, La Réunion Island | Literally translating to ‘Peak of the Furnace’, this volcano has been spewing lava for more than 500 years. There have been continuous eruptions since 1920. The volcano has a 8 km wide caldera, partially in the sea. There is little or no infrastructure around this; there have been 6 recorded eruptions since 1986. (Image: Reuters)

2. Mount Etna, Sicily, Italy | Mount Etna has seen continuous eruptions for the past 3,500 years. It is the largest active volcano in Europe and first erupted 500,000 years ago. Its circumference is about 140 km. (Image: Reuters)
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2. Mount Etna, Sicily, Italy | Mount Etna has seen continuous eruptions for the past 3,500 years. It is the largest active volcano in Europe and first erupted 500,000 years ago. Its circumference is about 140 km. (Image: Reuters)

1. Kīlauea, Hawaii, US | The most active volcano in the world is located in Hawaii. It has been active since 1983, according to data sourced from www.atlasandboots.com. This volcano has its own plumbing system, which carries magma from 60 km below the earth. The eruptions from this volcano have claimed parts of Hawaii’s highways, forests and homes. (Image: Reuters)
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1. Kīlauea, Hawaii, US | The most active volcano in the world is located in Hawaii. It has been active since 1983, according to data sourced from www.atlasandboots.com. This volcano has its own plumbing system, which carries magma from 60 km below the earth. The eruptions from this volcano have claimed parts of Hawaii’s highways, forests and homes. (Image: Reuters)

First Published on May 5, 2018 10:45 am
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