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Last Updated : May 04, 2019 12:08 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

Before Indonesia and Egypt, these countries have relocated their capital cities

This has not been an unprecedented trend. Read on to know which countries have shifted their capital cities.

Moneycontrol News @moneycontrolcom
Indonesia and Egypt have been making the headlines recently over their decision to shift their respective capital cities to a new location. However, this has not been an unprecedented trend. Read on to know which countries have shifted their capital cities through the times history. (Image: Reuters)
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Indonesia and Egypt have been making the headlines over their decision to shift their respective capital cities to a new location. However, this is not an unprecedented trend. Read on to know which countries have shifted their capital cities. (Image: Reuters)

 Jakarta | The government of Indonesia announced its decision to relocate its capital city outside of the main island of Java as it is one of the most fastest sinking cities in the world. It also has the title of Southeast Asia’s most polluted city, with snarling traffic jams being the norm on its streets. (Image: Reuters)
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Indonesia | The government had announced its decision to relocate its capital outside of the main island of Java as it is one of the fastest sinking cities in the world. It is also Southeast Asia's most polluted city, with snarling traffic jams being the norm on its streets. (Image: Reuters)

From Manila to New Clark City | The capital city of the Philippines has also seen its fair share of flooding. This has prompted the government to build another city named as New Clark City as a “back-up” city in the event of Manila being devastated by a natural disaster. (Image: Reuters)
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The Philippines | The capital city Manilla has seen its fair share of flooding, which prompted the central government to build another city named as New Clark City as a back-up in the event of Manila being destroyed by a natural disaster. (Image: Reuters)

Lagos | The government of Nigeria shifted the capital from Lagos to Abjua in 1991 over overcrowding and public safety issues. (Image: Reuters)
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Nigeria | The Nigerian government shifted the capital from Lagos to Abuja in 1991 due to overcrowding and public safety issues. (Image: Reuters)

Seoul | In 2012, South Korea announced that it would shift its administrative activities to Sejong City,. Fertility rates in the country’s new administrative capital shot through the roof after the announcement, making it the city with highest fertility rate among 17 Korean provinces and cities. The country is known for having some of the lowest fertility rates in the world, with a record-low of 1.05 in 2015. (Image: Reuters)
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South Korea | In 2012, it was announced that the capital of South Korea would be shifted from Seoul to Sejong City. Fertility rates in the country's new administrative capital shot through the roof after the announcement, making it the city with the highest fertility rate among 17 Korean provinces and cities. The country is known for having some of the lowest fertility rates in the world. (Image: Reuters)

Cairo | The capital city of Egypt has been facing issues of congestion and overcrowding, which led to the foundation stone of the new capital city to be laid in 2015. The new administrative capital will cover 700 square kilometers, and is modelled to be a smart city in the desert with high-rises, luxury housing, wide roads and lush greenery. (Image: Reuters)
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Egypt | Congestion and overcrowding have plagued Cairo, the capital of Egypt, which is why the foundation stone of the new capital city was laid in 2015. The new administrative capital will cover 700 square kilometers and is modeled to be a smart city in the desert with high-rises, luxury housing, wide roads and lush greenery. (Image: Reuters)

Moscow | The former superpower’s capital city, for close to 200 years, was St Petersburg. The year the World War I ended in 1918, the new Bolshevik government, led by Vladimir Lenin, shifted base to Moscow. (Image: Reuters)
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Russia | The former superpower's capital city, for close to 200 years, was St Petersburg. The year World War I ended in 1918, the new Bolshevik government, led by Vladimir Lenin, shifted base to Moscow. (Image: Reuters)

Brasilia| Brazil’s capital city was designed by Lucio Costa, who planned it out in the shape of bird with its wings spread out. The city was officially took its mantle from Rio di Janerio by 1960, with Oscar Nimeyer, its head architect, having designed several of its iconic administrative and civic buildings. (Image: Reuters)
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Brazil | Brazil's capital city, Brasilia, was designed by Lucio Costa, who planned it out in the shape of a bird with its wings spread out. The city officially took its mantle from Rio de Janeiro in 1960, with Oscar Nimeyer, its head architect, having designed several of its iconic administrative and civic buildings. (Image of Brasilia: Reuters)

Islamabad | After its partition from India, the government of Pakistan decided to change its administrative capital from Karachi to Islamabad in 1959. It was newly planned city, and work began only in 1961, taking many decades to finish. (Image of Islamabad: Reuters)
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Pakistan | After its partition from India, the government of Pakistan decided to change its administrative capital from Karachi to Islamabad in 1959. It was a new planned city, and work began only in 1961, taking many decades to finish. (Image of Islamabad: Reuters)

India | Kolkata, erstwhile Calcutta, was the capital city of India during the rule of the British. Strong anti-colonial sentiments over the partition of Bengal led to many British officials getting murdered. The dubious law and order situation in the city forced the British to reunited Bengal, and shift its administrative capital to Delhi. The announcement was made in an Delhi Durbar of 1911 at Coronation Park. (Image: Reuters)
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India | Kolkata, erstwhile Calcutta, was the capital city of India during the rule of the British. Strong anti-colonial sentiments over the partition of Bengal led to many British officials getting murdered. The dubious law and order situation in the city forced the British to reunite Bengal and shift its administrative capital to Delhi. The announcement was made in a Delhi Durbar of 1911 at Coronation Park. (Image of Kolkata: Reuters)

First Published on May 4, 2019 11:51 am
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