A day after two weather stations in Delhi saw temperatures of more than 49 degrees Celsius and neighbouring Gurgaon registered 48 degrees Celsius, the highest since May 1966, experts on Monday analysed the incidence of extreme weather events and sounded a dire warning.
Bengaluru's maximum temperature on May 12 was 23 degrees Celsius, making it the coldest day in the month of May in the last 10 years.
The national capital's annual maximum temperature (the median of June month record from 1995 to 2014) stands at 41.93 degrees Celsius. It will leap to 45.97 degrees Celsius in the 2080-99 period and can go up to 48.19 degrees Celsius in "some extreme years", the NGO said in a report.
The early onset of monsoon could bring cheer as most parts of the country witnessed extremely high temperatures over the past fortnight. The normal onset date for monsoon over Kerala is June 1.
Even as the cyclonic storm Asani weakened into depression after making a landfall on May 11 night, heavy rainfall along with winds continued in parts of coastal Andhra Pradesh on May 12.
The weather system is likely to further lose steam and turn into a depression by Thursday morning, the Met Department said.
The minimum temperature settled at 28 degrees Celsius, three notches more than normal.
Summer arrived early in India this year as brutal heatwaves scorched parts of the country in March and April. Heat events in India are now more frequent, more prolonged, and more intense.
The cyclone, which was moving at a speed of 25 kmph on Monday, has slowed down to 5 kmph as it lays centered around 300 km southeast of Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh and 510 km south-southwest of Gopalpur in Odisha.
The cyclone was likely to move closer to north Andhra Pradesh coast by Tuesday night and then re-curve to move parallel to north Andhra Pradesh and Odisha coast and expected to lose steam gradually, the weather office said.
Delhi's 20 million residents have been sweltering in an early summer heatwave that has hit India, from Himachal Pradesh in the north to Odisha in the east. Temperatures last week crossed 45 degrees Celsius in parts of the Delhi region -- several degrees higher than normal.
The relative humidity recorded at 8:30 am was 60 per cent, while the maximum temperature is likely to touch 41 degrees, the meteorological department said.
Global warming isn’t just hard for humans and animals. It’s wreaking havoc on plants, too.
India has urged its officials to draw up action plans to ameliorate the temperatures, and is working to step up drinking water supplies to more than 50 litres a day for each person in the countryside by 2024.
Heatwave conditions are predicted over Rajasthan on May 7 to May 9, and over south Haryana, Delhi, southwest Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Vidarbha region of Maharashtra on May 8 and May 9, it said.
With searing heat, power shortages have hit Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra
They said Modi is expected to hold seven to eight meetings during the day following his return from the three-day visit to as many European countries.
In India, summer began early this year with record temperatures in March – the hottest in 122 years. Temperatures in many parts continue to rise and the country has already seen four heatwaves – two in March alone.
Scientists have linked the early onset of an intense summer to climate change, and say more than a billion people in India and neighbouring Pakistan were in some way vulnerable to the extreme heat.
The sales have also been boosted by pent-up demand and a low base of April last year when businesses were impacted by the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic.
Temperatures are expected to exceed 48 degrees Celsius on the border between Pakistan and India this week. A month ago, the heat broke a 122-year-old record. What can people do to weather the worst and prepare for a future of extreme heat.
An unusually early, record-shattering heatwave in India has reduced wheat yields, raising questions about how the country will balance its domestic needs with ambitions to increase exports and make up for shortfalls due to Russia's war in Ukraine.
The national capital had recorded a maximum temperature of 43.7 degrees Celsius on April 18, 2010.
"Temperatures are rising rapidly in the country, and rising much earlier than usual," Modi told heads of India's state governments in an online conference.
Pitampura (43.6 degrees) and Mungeshpur (44.1 degrees) reeled under a heatwave.