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Last Updated : Nov 22, 2018 12:56 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

10 out-of-the-world facts about ISS that was launched 20 years ago

The International Space Station (ISS) was launched into space on November 20, 1998. It serves as an observatory, laboratory and post for advancing mankind's understanding of its own world and those beyond.

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The International Space Station (ISS) celebrated its 20th birthday on November 20. A successor to habitable artificial satellites, MIR and Skylab, ISS was built by Russian space agency Roscosmos in collaboration with NASA. The satellite now serves as an observatory, laboratory and post for advancing mankind's understanding of its own world and those beyond. Intended to last for another 10 years, here are 10 exceptional facts about ISS, you probably did not know. (Image: Reuters)
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The International Space Station (ISS) celebrated its 20th birthday on November 20. A successor to habitable artificial satellites, MIR and Skylab, ISS was built by Russian space agency Roscosmos in collaboration with NASA. The satellite now serves as an observatory, laboratory and post for advancing mankind's understanding of its own world and those beyond. Intended to last for another 10 years, here are 10 exceptional facts about ISS, you probably did not know. (Image: Reuters)

While ISS is considered a landmark act of co-operation between Russia and the US, laying to rest nuclear tensions that lasted for decades. The ISS was constructed with efforts from 16 nations including Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. (Image: Reuters)
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While ISS is considered a landmark act of co-operation between Russia and the US, laying to rest nuclear tensions that lasted for decades. The ISS was constructed with efforts from 16 nations including Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. (Image: Reuters)

Around 357 feet in length, the ISS is the single largest manned object ever placed into space. The station is five times the size of the US' Skylab and four times larger than Russia's MIR. (Image: Reuters)
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Around 357 feet in length, the ISS is the single largest manned object ever placed into space. The station is five times the size of the US' Skylab and four times larger than Russia's MIR. (Image: Reuters)

Apart from being the longest, it is the most expensive object ever built. The cost of the ISS is estimated to be north of $120 billion. (Image: Reuters)
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Apart from being the longest, it is the most expensive object ever built. The cost of the ISS is estimated to be north of $120 billion. (Image: Reuters)

The ISS travels at a whopping 5 miles-per-second. This means that the space station circles around the earth every 90 minutes. At the same pace, a spacecraft can go to the moon and return to Earth the same day. (Image: Reuters)
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The ISS travels at a whopping 5 miles-per-second. This means that the space station circles around the earth every 90 minutes. At the same pace, a spacecraft can go to the moon and return to Earth the same day. (Image: Reuters)

While most space stations can cause claustrophobia in humans, the ISS has more living space than a six-bedroom house. The sprawling hull of the space station features six sleeping quarters, a gym and a 360-degree bay window. However, it only has two bathrooms on the entire station, where urine of both animals and crewmembers is filtered into the station’s drinking water supply. (Image: Reuters)
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While most space stations can cause claustrophobia in humans, the ISS has more living space than a six-bedroom house. The sprawling hull of the space station features six sleeping quarters, a gym and a 360-degree bay window. However, it only has two bathrooms on the entire station, where urine of both animals and crewmembers is filtered into the station’s drinking water supply. (Image: Reuters)

Food and other equipment to the ISS are transported via four delivery craft - Orbital ATK’s Cygnus, SpaceX’s Dragon, JAXA’s HTV and the Russian Progress. Recycling of urine reduces the dependence of astronauts on these cargo crafts by nearly 65 percent. (Image: Reuters)
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Food and other equipment to the ISS are transported via four delivery craft - Orbital ATK’s Cygnus, SpaceX’s Dragon, JAXA’s HTV and the Russian Progress. Recycling of urine reduces the dependence of astronauts on these cargo crafts by nearly 65 percent. (Image: Reuters)

Having hosted 230 people from 18 nations, the ISS has continuously been occupied since November 2000. NASA's Peggy Whitson stayed the longest on the space station, living and working for 665 days until September 2, 2017, before returning to Earth. (Image: Reuters)
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Having hosted 230 people from 18 nations, the ISS has continuously been occupied since November 2000. NASA's Peggy Whitson stayed the longest on the space station, living and working for 665 days until September 2, 2017, before returning to Earth. (Image: Reuters)

Inhabitants of the ISS have to work out for at least two hours a day to make up for the loss of bone and muscle mass and to maintain normal bodily health. (Image: Reuters)
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Inhabitants of the ISS have to work out for at least two hours a day to make up for the loss of bone and muscle mass and to maintain normal bodily health. (Image: Reuters)

The space station is a technological marvel carrying more than 50 computers on board that are linked via 350,000 sensors checking in on the crew's health and safety. (Image: Reuters)
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The space station is a technological marvel carrying more than 50 computers on board that are linked via 350,000 sensors checking in on the crew's health and safety. (Image: Reuters)

To mark its 20th anniversary, the ISS will be modified with a Refabricator. The device is a 3D printer and hybrid recycler that melts plastics so that new tools can be created. (Image: Reuters)
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To mark its 20th anniversary, the ISS will be modified with a Refabricator. The device is a 3D printer and hybrid recycler that melts plastics so that new tools can be created. (Image: Reuters)

First Published on Nov 22, 2018 12:55 pm
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