Prime Minister Narendra Modi, during his address to the nation on May 12, said Lockdown 4.0 will be based on suggestions of states and will bring in new rules. The information regarding the same will be provided before May 18, the prime minister said.
Lockdown 3.0, announced by the government on May 1, will end on May 17.
PM Modi's address comes a day after he chaired a marathon six-hour long meeting with Chief Ministers, in which he said the challenges are two-fold — reduction of the transmission rate of the novel coronavirus and gradual increase in public activities while adhering to all guidelines.
Earlier, during his address, PM Modi had highlighted that India will have to be self-reliant in post-coronavirus world.
"When India speaks of self-reliance, it does not advocate for a self-centered system. In India's self-reliance there is a concern for the whole world's happiness, cooperation and peace," the prime minister said, adding that India's medicines "bring a new hope".
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
The prime minister also announced a Rs 20 lakh crore COVID-19 rescue package.The package includes the packages announced so far by the government and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).