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Last Updated : Sep 18, 2020 08:41 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

Coronavirus wrap September 18 | New Zealand reports zero COVID-19 cases; Maharashtra minister Nitin Raut tests positive

Globally, more than 3 crore infections and over 9.4 lakh deaths have been reported due to the COVID-19 outbreak.

India has recorded more than 52.1 lakh cases of the novel coronavirus and 8,4372 deaths. Of these, more than 10.1 lakh are active cases while over 41.1 lakh have recovered.

Across the country, 10,06,615 samples were tested for the novel coronavirus on September 17, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) said.

Maharashtra's COVID-19 tally remains the highest among Indian states and Union Territories.

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The health ministry updates its numbers a day after states release their data.

COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Globally, more than 3 crore infections and over 9.4 lakh deaths have been reported due to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Here are all the latest updates:

>> One in seven volunteers have complained of side effects, including weakness, muscle pain and rise in body temperature, after being injected with Sputnik V -- Russia’s vaccine against COVID-19 --  according to the country’s health minister.

>> The Indian Medical Association (IMA) published a list of 382 doctors who died due to COVID-19 and demanded that they be treated as 'martyrs'.

>> New Zealand has reported no new confirmed cases of COVID-19 for the first time in more than five weeks as hopes rise that an outbreak discovered in Auckland last month has been stamped out.

>> Maharashtra’s Energy Minister Nitin Raut has said he has tested positive for COVID-19, becoming the ninth member of the state Cabinet to contract the infection. Raut (63) is also the working president of the state Congress.

>> The Union health ministry sent a high-level Central team to Jammu amid rise in COVID-19 cases being reported in the district.

>> Noting that many people have asked him what he wants on his birthday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said he would want COVID-19 guidelines like wearing masks and maintaining social distancing to be followed and that everyone should work to make 'our planet healthy'.
First Published on Sep 18, 2020 08:41 pm
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