The government will create a database for migrant workers across India so that it may announce a relief package for the ones most affected by the nationwide lockdown due to coronavirus.
The database that is going to be set up by April 11 will ensure if the workers have bank accounts - opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan scheme or otherwise says a report by Business Standard.
The database will also determine if the migrant workers get free gas cylinders under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.
The home ministry, as well as the labour ministry, has approached the state governments so that the database can be developed in coordination with the chief labour commissioner’s (CLC’s) office, a senior labour and employment ministry official told the publication.
Moneycontrol could not independently verify the report.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
COVID-19 pandemic LIVE updates
The database will primarily be collected from relief camps, employers who have migrant workers at their workplace and from localities where migrant workers typically stay in a cluster. It also will be collected from shelters run by non-governmental organisations and companies.
The migrant workers will be asked about their native place and where they previously stayed. This is to ensure the pattern of migration across the country.
As per a government official quoted in the report, if the lockdown is extended, the database will help the government announce contingency measures for the workers.
Coronavirus testing centres near you
“But this idea is at a nascent stage as it will depend on the final decision on lockdown,” the official said as per the report.
The database will be used to sort out the nature of occupations the workers were involved in that include domestic work, agriculture, rickshaw pulling, construction work, food processing, work at brick kilns, security service and automobile work.
Follow our full coverage of the coronavirus pandemic here.