When the pact is fully enacted, most likely by 2023, it could have significant implications for the global economy, corporate investment, and government coffers.
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BEPS framework provides two-pillar solution to address tax challenges arising from digitalisation of the global economy, as well as prevents a proverbial ‘race to the bottom’ by countries looking to slash tax rates to attract investment.
The global tax deal would change how taxing rights were allocated, allowing countries to collect levies from large, profitable multinational firms
The OECD/G20 initiative on taxes that India joined and the G7 agreement earlier in the year hold out hope for making big multinational corporations pay more taxes. But the details need to be hammered out first
US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has asserted that a global minimum would end a destructive “race to the bottom” in international taxation.
Still, not everyone has signed on. Smaller nations that have long benefited from being tax havens are holding out for better terms, raising the prospect of a clash with bigger countries. Conspicuously absent from the accord is Ireland, which has resisted a 15% minimum tax as it is reluctant to lose its status as a major tax haven in Europe.
The accord, setting a tax floor of at least 15 percent "is a clear sign: the race to the bottom is one step closer to coming to an end," Yellen said in a statement.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development said in a statement that global companies, including US behemoths Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Apple would be taxed at 15 percent at least.
It is worth noting that there has been no official statement from the Finance Ministry regarding India's stance on the global minimum tax plan. Officials have conceded privately that the proposal and its implications are being examined.
"Yellen discussed that the US and India have a shared interest in implementing a robust global minimum tax,” said the Department of Treasury.
Yellen said moves by the United States to raise its corporate minimum tax would help provide momentum for a broad-based agreement.