The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on September 30 announced the Unlock 5.0 guidelines, further relaxing curbs on activities outside of containment zones.
According to the MHA, the Unlock 5.0 guidelines are based on feedback received from states and Union territories, and extensive consultations held with related central ministries and departments.
Entertainment parks and similar places will be permitted to open. The standard operating procedure (SOP) for the same will be issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
As for social, academic, sports, entertainment, cultural, religious, political functions, and other congregations, the ministry has given the flexibility to states and UTs to permit gatherings beyond the limit of 100 persons outside Containment Zones after October 15.
If the space is closed, 50 percent of the hall capacity will be allowed, with a ceiling of 200 persons. However, wearing face masks, maintaining social distancing, provision for thermal scanning, and use of hand wash or sanitizer will be mandatory.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
As for open spaces, social activities will be allowed keeping the size of the ground/space in view. Social distancing must be strictly observed and wearing of face masks, provision for thermal scanning, and hand wash or sanitizer will be mandatory at the space.The ministry has said the lockdown shall continue to be implemented strictly in the Containment Zones till October 31.