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Unlock 4 guidelines | States cannot impose lockdown outside Containment Zones: MHA

As per the latest guidelines issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs under Unlock 4.0, to impose lockdown in areas outside of containment zones, the competent government authorities will have to consult the central government in advance

August 30, 2020 / 12:00 PM IST

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The Ministry of Home Affairs announced the Unlock 4 guidelines on August 29. As per the fresh guidelines, coronavirus lockdown will be extended in India till September 30. However, this lockdown will only be imposed in containment zones, the MHA clarified.

No state will be allowed to impose a complete lockdown arbitrarily. This means, to impose lockdown in areas outside of containment zones, the competent government authorities (state/ district/ sub-division/city/ village level) will have to consult the central government in advance.

The MHA statement read: "State/ UT governments shall not impose any local lockdown (state/district/sub-division/city/village level), outside the containment zones, without prior consultation with the central government."

In a major development, metro rail services, which have remained suspended in the country since the outbreak of the novel coronavirus pandemic, have been allowed to operate with effect from September 7 in a graded manner.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) will be issued by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Schools, colleges, coaching centres, etc., will remain closed till September 30, although states and Union territories have been given the free hand to decide if they want 50 percent of the teaching staff to come to schools to conduct online classes from September 21.

Students of Class 9 to Class 12 will be allowed to visit schools voluntarily, with the consent of their parents.

The Centre has also decided to allow open-air theatres to open from September 21, even as cinema halls, swimming pools, and theatres will continue to remain closed.

Social/academic/sports/entertainment/cultural/religious/political functions and other congregations will be permitted with a ceiling of 100 persons.

 
Moneycontrol News
first published: Aug 29, 2020 08:36 pm

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