Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on Tuesday directed officials to study the Centre's guidelines for the month-long 'Unlock 2' beginning July 1, and make arrangements accordingly in the state.
On Monday, the Centre issued guidelines for the month-long 'Unlock 2' from Wednesday -- the "phased re-opening" of activities that had been barred to contain the spread of COVID-19 -- and said educational institutions, Metro rail services, cinema halls and gyms will continue to remain shut.
'Unlock 1', a graded exit from the national lockdown imposed on March 25, is due to end on Tuesday.
Coronavirus India News LIVE Updates
"The guidelines of the Centre should be studied and preparations should be made of accordingly for Unlock 2," Adityanath said during a review meeting with senior officers and ministers at his residence here.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
It is important to take precautions to stop the spread of COVID-19, and people should avoid all unnecessary movement, he said.
"To create awareness among the people, campaigns should be run on radio and TV, besides putting up banners and posters, and distributing handbills etc," the chief minister said.
Adityanath reiterated that testing facilities for COVID-19 and beds in hospitals should be increased, and availability of infrared thermometer and pulse oximeter ensured.
He said a cleanliness campaign should be run on mission mode for vector-borne diseases and COVID-19.
Follow our full coverage of the coronavirus pandemic here.