The second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission provides for ”aspirational toilets” in high-footfall places like tourist locations and places of significance, according to a senior official of the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Roopa Mishra, Joint Secretary and National Mission Director, Swachh Bharat Mission in the ministry said this in a recorded video message played at an event here that brought multiple stakeholders together from the fields of industry, government, innovators, among others.
The Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014. ”The phase one of the mission has seen an incredible journey in the sanitation sector… Eight years have passed and an incredible chapter of urban and rural sanitation has been added in the journey of sanitation,” she said.
With the launch of Swachh Bharat 2.0, this is a time where ”we need to aspire to go to the next step. In urban areas today, there’s a high scope of innovative services that focus on functionalisation of public and community toilets, Mishra said.
The ministry official said in these eight years, Indian cities have grown through urban expansion and people’s aspirations are also growing. ”With aspirations of people rising, the challenges of public toilets in urban areas meeting to the different requirements has increased manifold. How can we as a fraternity innovate and provide to these requirements? Swach Bharat 2.0 provides for aspirational toilets in high-footfall places like tourist locations, and places of significance,” she said.
The vision of the Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 in five years is to have garbage-free cities, and that can never be completed without access to functional toilets, Mishra said. A link aspiration of this second phase of the mission would be that every Indian city should have at least an ODF++ certification. The essence of this certification is that every Indian city in the next five years, i.e., by 2026 must have functional community and public toilets, she added.
In her recorded address, Mishra also said that on August 15 this year, when the nation was celebrating completion of 75 years of Independence, ”we saw a lovely chapter added to India’s sanitation journey.” ”More than 500 cities declared themselves as ’safai mitra surakshit’. And, this is about the commitment of moving from manholes to machine holes, adopting technology for desludging and not to bring hazard to human beings in the cleaning of septic tanks and sewers.
”And, 500 is just the beginning, we are committed that within the next two years, we will provide and see that every Indian city will have the provision for equipment, and trained manpower, compliance grievance helpline, and a significant amount of awareness building, so that as a nation we move towards mechanised desludging of septic tanks and sewers, thus fulfilling the vision of manholes to machine holes,” the official said.
The event was organised by the Toilet Board Coalition, a business-led partnership which is accelerating business solutions to the sanitation crisis.