The Centre had, in its guidelines for Unlock 4.0, left it on states to decide whether to open schools or not. Schools will reopen in five states on September 21, along with the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
After a gap of almost six months, schools in several states will reopen on September 21, albeit with certain restrictions and guidelines to curb the spread of COVID-19.
The Centre had, in its guidelines for Unlock 4.0, left it on states to decide whether to open schools or not. This means that while certain states have decided to resume classes, most have decided against it.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Moreover, only senior students will be allowed to come to school voluntarily if they need any assistance or guidance from their teachers. Schools which are in containment zones will remain firmly shut.
Schools in the states of Assam, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Meghalaya, as well as in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, will be opening up.
What are the prescribed guidelines?
>> Students would need written permission for parents to attend schools.
>> It is advised that classes should be held in open area.
>> There will be no assembly or events.
>> Cafeterias will remain closed.
>> Schools will function at 50 percent capacity while online classes will continue.
>> Mandatory thermal screening and hand sanitisation will be carried out at the entrance.
>> Deep cleaning of all the classes will be carried out.
>> Swimming pools within the school premises will remain closed.>> Only asymptomatic staff and students to be allowed.