Arrangements are being made to implement the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ scheme across the country. Poor people who leave their villages and migrate to different places for employment or other needs will get the maximum benefit out of this scheme, said Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The prime minister made the remark while addressing the nation on June 30. In his address, the PM announced the extension of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana till November-end.
With this extension, 80 crore people will get free grains for the next five months. Under the scheme, every household will be provided with 5 kg of rice or wheat every month until November. Additionally, the government will also provide 1 kg chana dal to every household.
According to the PM, the extension of PM Garib Kalyan Yojana will cost Rs 90,000 crore to the Centre. And if the expenses of the last three months added to it, then the cost to Centre rises to Rs 1.5 lakh crore, said the prime minister.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.