In his address to the nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi reiterated the need for wearing masks in order to fight the novel coronavirus outbreak.
PM Modi said during Unlock 1.0, with the opening of economic activity, negligence and carelessness has creeped into people's behaviour, and that it's a dangerous trend since citizens need to be cautious now more than ever.
"Earlier we were very alert with respect to face mask, do-gaz-doori (social distancing), washing hands for 20 seconds multiple times a day," he said.
He said that during the lockdown, rules were strictly abided by, and directed local administrations as well as citizens to show similar caution.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
"We need to have a special focus on containment zones. If you see someone flouting norms, tell them to not do so," PM Modi added.During his address, PM Modi extended the Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana till November end, saying that free food gain will be provided to 80 crore poor people till the end of November. He said that the scheme will cost the government exchequer over Rs 90,000 crore.