Bill Gates further said that it is very likely that the roll-out of the COVID-19 vaccine will take place in “fairly big volume” in India sometime in 2021.
India is a leading vaccine producer and we need cooperation from India on manufacturing the COVID-19 vaccine, said Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist Bill Gates.
The Co-Chair and Trustee of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation said he is quite optimistic that by the first quarter of 2021, several of the COVID-19 vaccine candidates will reach the final stage, according to PTI.
“All of us want to get a vaccine out in India as fast as we can, once we know that it's very effective and very safe,” Gates told the news agency.
He further said that it is very likely that the roll-out of the COVID-19 vaccine will take place in “fairly big volume” in India sometime in 2021.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
It was not the first time when Gates praised the Indian pharmaceutical industry. Earlier, while speaking in a documentary, he had said that India's pharmaceutical industry will be able to produce COVID-19 vaccines not just for the country but also for the entire world.A lot of "very important things have been done" in India and its pharma industry is doing work "to help make the coronavirus vaccine building on other great capacities that they have used for other diseases" he had said in the documentary, named ‘COVID-19: India's War Against The Virus’.